1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus consimilis Fresen.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Robust tussock-forming perennial with short rhizomes and sometimes with looping stolons; culms up to 210 cm tall, 3.5–8 mm in diameter at the base, stout, erect, branched below or unbranched; basal leaf sheaths chartaceous, glabrous to densely long-pilose near the margins, terete, persistent; leaf laminas up to 60 cm × 8 mm, flat or folded, glabrous, the midrib forming a broad white line above, harshly scabrid on the margins, tapering to a long filiform apex.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 25–35 cm long, linear-lanceolate; primary branches not in whorls, 3–10 cm long, appressed or diverging, spiciform, smooth or scaberulous, eglandular, the spikelets densely packed along their whole length.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.8–2.6 mm long, pale green; inferior glume 4/5 as long to as long as the spikelet, lanceolate, 1-nerved, scabrid on the nerve, acute at the apex; superior glume equalling or a little shorter than the inferior, narrowly ovate, 1-nerved, scabrid on the nerve, acute at the apex; lemma similar to the superior glume; anthers 3, 0.9–1.4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Grain 0.7–1 mm long, narrowly elliptic, square or oblong in section.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Robust perennial tussock grass, arising from short underground rhizomes, and sometimes forming looping stolons; culms stout, 1.3–3 m. high, 3.5–8 mm. in diameter at the base.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades up to 60 cm. long, 8 mm. wide, flat, with harshly scabrid margins.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle linear-lanceolate, 25–35 cm. long, 2–4 cm. wide; primary branches numerous, 3–10 cm. long, spike-like, bearing closely appressed spikelets from the base.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.7–2.3 mm. long, pallid green; lower glume lanceolate, 4/5 to as long as the spikelet, acute; upper glume narrowly ovate, as long as the spikelet or slightly exceeded by the lower glume, acute; lemma similar to the upper glume; anthers 3, 1–1.3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Grain narrowly oblong, tetragonal, 0.7–1 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Flood plains, lake shores and seasonally flooded flats, mainly on saline or alkaline soils, often forming dense thickets; 500–1600 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 U1 Chad and Somali Republic to South Africa (Transvaal) and South West Africa
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Rhizomes short. Stolons absent, or present. Culms erect; 6-300 cm long; 2-8 mm diam. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 10-60 cm long; 2-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open, or contracted; linear, or lanceolate; 10-35 cm long; 1-4 cm wide; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches 2-10 cm long; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle branches glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.5-2.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.5-2.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 1.2-2.3 mm long; 0.8-1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1.5-2.3 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; mid-green; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 1.5-2.3 mm long; membranous; mid-green; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1-1.3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; oblong; quadrangular; 0.7-1 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south. Asia-temperate: Arabia.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA 1997.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Sporobolus consimilis Fresen. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Mus. Senckenberg. 2: 140 (1837)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Clayton in Kew Bulletin 19: 296 (1965).
    • Fresen. in Mus. Senck. 2: 140 (1837).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0