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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus cubensis Hitchc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Brazil, Caribbean.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Culms erect; 50-70 cm long. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths outer margin hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades conduplicate, or involute; 30-60 cm long; 3-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; glabrous. Leaf-blade margins ciliate; hairy at base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate, or elliptic; 8-15 cm long; 2-4 cm wide. Primary panicle branches spreading; whorled at lower nodes, or whorled at most nodes. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 3.1-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 3.1-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume ovate; 1.6-2.2 mm long; 0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 3.2-3.9 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; purple; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 2.8-4 mm long; membranous; purple; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea gaping, or readily splitting down midline; 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2-2.4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; obovoid.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Fl Costa Rica 1994.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Amazonia, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Other Data

    Sporobolus cubensis Hitchc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1981 Heringer, E.P. [7225], Brazil K001075712
    Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [16188], Brazil K001075677
    Richards, P.W. [6859], Brazil K001075676
    Harley, R.M. [10321], Brazil K001075678
    Ratter, J.A. [4247], Brazil K001075713
    Ratter, J.A. [3361], Brazil K001075714
    Irwin, H.S. [6759], Brazil K001075674
    Irwin, H.S. [6759], Brazil K001075675
    Irwin, H.S. [6805], Brazil K001075681
    Irwin, H.S. [7303], Brazil K001075692
    Irwin, H.S. [6699], Brazil K001075693
    Irwin, H.S. [7027], Brazil K001075694
    Ule, E. [8366], Brazil K001075700
    Eiten, G. [9123], Brazil K001075679
    Eiten, G. [8601], Brazil K001075680
    Riedel, L. [734], Brazil K001075936
    Gardner, G. [3535], Brazil K001075690
    Burchell, W.J. [5972], Brazil K001075695
    Burchell, W.J. [5993], Brazil K001075696
    Burchell, W.J. [7844], Brazil K001075697
    Burchell, W.J. [5993], Brazil K001075698
    Burchell, W.J. [6209-2], Brazil K001075699
    Curtiss, A.H. [392] K000308855 Unknown type material
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001075684
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001075685
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001075689
    Macedo, A. [5027], Brazil K001075701
    Macedo, A. [5045], Brazil K001075703
    Pires, J.M. [14568(37)], Venezuela K001075702
    Mimura, I. [561], Brazil K001075691
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17377], Brazil K001075682
    Hatschbach, G.G. [45595], Brazil K001075704
    s.coll. [1261], Brazil K001075683
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001075686
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001075687
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001075688
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001075998

    Bibliography

    First published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 237 (1909)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0