1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus discosporus Nees

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect; 5-20(-40) cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 1-3 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins ciliate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic, or oblong; 1.5-8 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading; whorled at most nodes; simple. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.5-1.7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.5-1.7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.5-1 mm long; 0.4-0.7 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1.3-1.5 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 1.5-1.7 mm long; membranous; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; orbicular; flattened (discoid); exposed between gaping lemma and palea at maturity; 1.1-1.4 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: northeast tropical, east tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, Lesotho, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Sporobolus discosporus Nees appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1991 Schimper [81], Ethiopia K000365275 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1991 Schimper [81], Ethiopia K000365274 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1991 Schimper [81], Ethiopia K000365276 Unknown type material
    Burchell [2750], Cape Province K000365171 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000365172 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000365173 Unknown type material

    First published in Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 158 (1841)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0