1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus fimbriatus (Nees ex Trin.) Nees

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms geniculately ascending; 50-100(-150) cm long; 2-3 mm diam. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 10-30 cm long; 2-5 mm wide; firm. Leaf-blade midrib evident, or widened. Leaf-blade venation indistinct. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous; rough abaxially; glabrous, or pilose; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; linear, or lanceolate; 15-50 cm long; contracted about primary branches, or contracted about secondary branches. Primary panicle branches 2-9(-15) cm long; naked below, or bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle branches glabrous in axils. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.4-2.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.4-2.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; exceeding apex of florets, or reaching apex of florets, or shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate, or oblong; 0.6-1.4 mm long; 0.25-0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1.3-2 mm long; 0.66-1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; dark green; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 1.4-2.2 mm long; membranous; dark green; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.9-1.2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; obovoid; quadrangular; 0.6 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Caespitose perennial arising from a short oblique rhizome; culms up to 170 cm tall, 2–3 mm in diameter at the base (rarely more), erect, usually unbranched, the leaves mostly basal, but the taller culms usually more leafy; basal leaf sheaths chartaceous, glabrous or ciliate to lanate along the margins, terete to strongly compressed and keeled, persistent; leaf laminas 10–30(60) cm × 2.5–7.5(14) mm, flat, folded or involute, glabrous, the midnerve forming a white streak on the upper surface, scaberulous or tuberculate-pilose on the surfaces, the margins thinly cartilaginous (and often reddish in colour), smooth or tuberculate-ciliate, tapering to a long filiform flexuous apex.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 15–65 cm long, linear to lanceolate, the branches not in whorls (rarely subverticillate), 3–12 cm long, smooth or scaberulous, eglandular, the spikelets either on short tertiary branchlets on spreading secondary branchlets, or secund along the secondary branchlets, in either case the primary branches bare of spikelets or branchlets at the base.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.4–2.1(2.4) mm long, dark green; inferior glume (1/3)2/5–2/3 the length of the spikelet, narrowly oblong to lanceolate, hyaline, nerveless, glabrous or minutely asperulous, obtuse to subacute at the apex; superior glume 4/5 as long to as long as the spikelet, narrowly ovate, 1-nerved, hyaline, glabrous or minutely asperulous, acute at the apex; lemma as long as the spikelet or almost so, narrowly ovate; anthers 3, 0.9–1.2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Grain c. 0.6 mm long, obovate, truncate, tetragonal in section.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tufted perennial, arising from a short oblique rhizome; culms commonly 50–100 cm. high and 2–3 mm. in diameter at the base, with the leaves mostly basal, but sometimes more leafy and up to 150 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades usually flat, sometimes convolute, mostly 10–30 cm. long, 2–5 mm. wide, usually pilose or scaberulous beneath, less often smooth, the midrib sometimes prominent as a white streak above, the secondary nerves obscure, tapering to a filiform tip.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle linear to lanceolate, 15–50 cm. long; primary branches 2–9(–15) cm. long, the spikelets (borne on appressed secondary branches) clustered about their entire length or the lower 1/3 naked, rarely with the spikelets secund along spreading secondary branches.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.4–2.2 mm. long, dark green; lower glume narrowly oblong to lanceolate, 0.6–1.4 mm. long, 1/4–3/4 as long as the spikelet; upper glume narrowly ovate, 1.3–2 mm. long, f to a little longer than the lemma; lemma narrowly ovate; anthers 3,0.9–1 .2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Grain obovoid, 0.6 mm. long, tetragonal, truncate.
    Figures
    Fig. 101.
    Habitat
    Open deciduous bushland; 30–2000 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T8 U1 U4 Sudan and Somali Republic southwards to South Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    India, South Carolina

    Common Names

    English
    Bushveld dropseed, Common dropseed, Dropseed grass

    Sporobolus fimbriatus (Nees ex Trin.) Nees appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Drege [s.n.], KwaZulu-Natal K000365154 Unknown type material
    Rehmann, A. [5373], Transvaal K000365151 Unknown type material
    Galfin, E. G. [M 461], Transvaal K000365152 Unknown type material
    M. McCallum Webster [N 460], KwaZulu-Natal K000365153 Unknown type material
    Wilman [s.n.], Cape Province Sporobolus marlothii K000365155 Unknown type material

    First published in Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 156 (1841)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 29 (1958).
    • Edwards & Bogdan, Imp. grassl. pl. Kenya: 39 (1951).
    • Eggeling, Ann. list grasses Ug.: 45 (1947).
    • Nees, Fl. Afr. Austr.: 156 (1841).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/