1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus maderaspatanus Bor

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India, Sri Lanka.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Stolons present. Culms decumbent; 20-45 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades lanceolate; flat, or involute; 15-35 cm long; 3-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous; hairless except near base. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; lanceolate; 5-10 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending; whorled at lower nodes; 1-2 cm long. Panicle branches smooth. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2.25-2.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2.25-2.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet, or reaching apex of florets. Lower glume elliptic; 0.5-0.75 mm long; 0.33 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 1.5-2 mm long; 0.9-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 2-2.25 mm long; membranous; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1-1.25 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; obovoid; biconvex; 0.9 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Bor 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    India, Sri Lanka

    Sporobolus maderaspatanus Bor appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Barber, C.A. [4720], India K000245150 lectotype
    Wight, R. [1745], India K000907387
    Wight, R. [1745], India K000907388
    Wight, R. [s.n.], India K000907389
    Wight, R. [1745], India K000907390
    Wight, R. [1745], India K000907392
    Wight, R. [s.n.], India K000907391
    Wallich, N. [3772], India K000907394
    Wallich, N. [3772], India K000907393
    s.coll. [s.n.], India K000245146

    First published in Kew Bull. 12: 234 (1957)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0