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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus microprotus Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Ethiopia and Kenya.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 10-50 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 2-14 cm long; 3-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins ciliate; hairy at base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 3-12 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading; whorled at most nodes. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1-1.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1-1.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure, or two; deciduous; dissimilar; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume ovate; 0-0.2 mm long; 0-0.4 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 1-1.2 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; grey; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 1-1.2 mm long; membranous; grey; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 2; 0.3-0.6 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; obovoid; 0.7-0.8 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, and east tropical.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Loosely tufted annual; culms 10–50 cm. high, erect or ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades broadly linear, 2–14 cm. long, 3–7 mm. wide, the margins pectinate-ciliate towards the base.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle ovate, 3–12 cm. long; primary branches in whorls, spreading.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1–1.2 mm. long, glabrous or scaberulous, greyish green; lower glume a tiny ovate to oblong scale up to 0.2 mm. long (rarely more), or suppressed; upper glume oblong-elliptic, as long as the spikelet; lemma similar to the upper glume or a little shorter; anthers 2, 0.3–0.6 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Grain obovate, 0.7–0.8 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Pathsides and dry open places in deciduous bushland; sea-level to 1200 m.
    Distribution
    K7 U1 U3 Senegal to Eritrea
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Height
    About 30 cm. high
    Inflorescences
    Panicle ovate
    Ecology
    Roadsides and waste places.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Sporobolus microprotus Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2001 Laegaard, S. [21131], Burkina Faso K000212107
    Aug 1, 1963 Aké Assi, L. [6463], Burkina Faso K000212108
    Aug 1, 1963 Aké Assi, L. [6394], Burkina Faso K000212109
    Mar 1, 1962 Hagerup, O. [390], Mali K000212112
    Mar 1, 1962 Davey, J.T. [16], Mali K000212111
    Mar 1, 1962 Davey, J.T. [15], Mali K000212113
    Chevalier [9640], Central African Republic K000365289 syntype
    Schweinfurth [184], Sudan K000365264 Unknown type material
    Schweinfurth [2379], Sudan K000365265 Unknown type material
    Scholz [57], Burkina Faso K000212110

    Bibliography

    First published in Mém. Soc. Bot. France 8: 218 (1912)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Clayton in Kew Bull. 19: 293.
    • in Mém Soc. Bot. Fr. 2, 8: 218 (1912)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 407 (1972).
    • Stapf in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 58, Mém. 8: 218 (1912).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0