Skip to main content
  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus molleri Hack.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tufted annual; culms 6–60 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat, or convolute when dry, 2–25 cm. long, 1–5 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle linear, 4–30 cm. long, with divergent raceme-like primary branches 5–25 mm. long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.7–2 mm. long, yellowish or brownish green, markedly acuminate; lower glume a tiny oblong hyaline scale 0.2–0.3 mm. long; upper glume oblong, 0.5–0.7 mm. long, abruptly acuminate and usually prolonged into an awn-point up to 0.5 mm. long; lemma lanceolate, as long as the spikelet, smooth or scaberulous, acuminate to a subulate tip; palea 1/2–2/3 as long as the lemma; anthers 3, 0.2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Grain obovoid, truncate, 0.5 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Pathsides, road verges and farmland; 500–2000 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U2 U3 U4 from Guinée, through Zaire to Rhodesia
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Loosely caespitose annual; culms up to 60 cm tall, erect or ascending, often branched below; leaf sheaths chartaceous, glabrous, compressed and lightly keeled; leaf laminas 4–25 cm × (1)2–5 mm, flat or involute, glabrous, smooth or scaberulous on the margins, tapering to a fine point.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle (4)9–30 cm long, linear; branches not in whorls, smooth or scabrid, eglandular, divergent and strictly racemose, 0.5–2.5 cm long, the spikelets along the whole length.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.6–2 mm long, yellowish or brownish-green; inferior glume a minute oblong scale up to 1/5 the length of the spikelet, nerveless, glabrous, obtuse at the apex; superior glume 1/2–2/3 the length of the spikelet, ovate or oblong, 1-nerved, glabrous, with a subulate, awn-like apex; lemma as long as the spikelet, ovate or lanceolate, smooth or scaberulous, contracted above into a subulate awn-like apex (the palea only as long as the expanded part of the lemma); anthers 3, 0.2–0.3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Grain 0.6–0.7 mm long, obovate, oblong in section.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect; 6-60 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 2-25 cm long; 1-5 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; linear; 4-30 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches ascending; 5-25 cm long. Panicle branches glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; acuminate; 1.7-2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; acuminate; 1.7-2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; 0.2-0.3 mm long; 0.5 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 0.5-0.7 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate; mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 0.2-0.5 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 1.7-2 mm long; membranous; yellow; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea 0.5-0.66 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; obovoid; 0.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Small annual about 30 cm. high
    Note
    Cultivated land and pathsides.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Sporobolus molleri Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4498], Cameroon K000107925
    Jan 1, 1965 Boughey, A.S. [7030], Cameroon K000182229
    Maitland, T.D. [351], Cameroon K000182230
    Maitland, T.D. [23], Cameroon K000182231
    Maitland, T.D. [349], Cameroon K000182232
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9262], Cameroon K000182236
    Thollon [1208], Congo K000365267 syntype
    Hens, Fr. [212], Congo K000365266 syntype
    Moller [153], São Tomé K000365320 holotype
    Migeod, F. [101], Cameroon K000182233
    Hinds, J. H. [73], Cameroon K000182234

    Bibliography

    First published in Bol. Soc. Brot. 5: 213 (1887)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • A. Chev. in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 14: 113.
    • in Bol. Soc. Brot. 5: 213 (1887)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 408 (1972).
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 46 (1965).
    • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p. 56 (1960).
    • Jackson & Wiehe, Ann. list Nyasaland grasses: 61 (1958).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 3: 145 (1955).
    • Eggeling, Ann. list grasses Ug.: 45 (1947).
    • Hack. in Bol. Soc. Brot. 5: 213 (1887).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0