1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus nervosus Hochst.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mauritania, Ethiopia to Tanzania, S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Densely caespitose perennial, or with the shoots contiguous from the closely spaced nodes of a short oblique rhizome; basal sheaths yellowish, indurated, often covered by the fibrous remains of decaying sheaths; culms 15–20 cm. high, erect.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat, or more often convolute, 4–10 cm. long, 1–3 mm. wide, the tip filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle narrowly ovate, 7–20 cm. long, secondarily branched, the branches bare below and the spikelets secund and clustered at the tips of the branchlets.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets (1.5–)1.7–2.l mm. long, scaberulous or smooth, pallid greyish green to dark green; lower glume lanceolate, 0.8–1 mm. long, acute; upper glume narrowly ovate, (0.9–)1.3–1.9 mm. long, 2/3–4/5 as long as the spikelet, acute; lemma narrowly ovate, as long as the spikelet; anthers 3, 0.8–1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Grain ellipsoid, 0.6 mm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 102.
    Habitat
    Shallow soils and open places, often heavily grazed, in deciduous bushland; 300–1700 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K6 T2 T3 T5 Mauritania, through Ethiopia and the Somali Republic to Arabia, also in South West Africa
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Tufted perennial 15–60 cm. high.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes absent, or short. Butt sheaths papery; yellow; withering, or persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Culms erect; 15-20 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 4-10 cm long; 1-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 7-20 cm long; with spikelets clustered towards branch tips. Panicle branches glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; (1.5-)1.7-2.1 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; (1.5-)1.7-2.1 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.8-1 mm long; 0.5-0.6 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; (0.9-)1.3-1.9 mm long; 0.5-0.6 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; dark green, or grey; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; (1.5-)1.7-2.1 mm long; membranous; dark green, or grey; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.8-1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid; 0.6 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, and south. Asia-temperate: Arabia. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Chad, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, Mauritania, Namibia, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Tanzania, Yemen

    Sporobolus nervosus Hochst. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1963 Verdcourt [2561], Kenya K000365227 Unknown type material
    Stocks, J.E. [s.n.], Pakistan K000245147
    Stocks, J.E. [s.n.], India K000245148
    Stocks, J.E. [s.n.] K000245607
    Pearson, H.H.W. [8103] K000365126 syntype
    Pearson, H. H. W. [4779] K000365125 syntype
    Appleton [s.n.], Somalia K000365255 Unknown type material
    Appleton [s.n.], Somalia K000365256 Unknown type material

    First published in Flora 38: 202 (1855)

    Accepted by

    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Gillet, H. (1968). Le peuplement végétal du massif de l'Ennedi (Tchad) Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Serie B. Botanique 17: 1-206.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Flora 38: 202 (1855).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Gillet, H. (1968). Le peuplement végétal du massif de l'Ennedi (Tchad) Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Serie B. Botanique 17: 1-206.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 410 (1972).
    • Hochst. in Flora 38: 202 (1855).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0