1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus paniculatus (Trin.) T.Durand & Schinz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Loosely caespitose annual; culms up to 70 cm tall, erect, branched or unbranched; leaf sheaths chartaceous, usually glabrous, sometimes tuberculate-pilose especially towards the margins, terete or lightly compressed; leaf laminas 4–7.5 cm × 2.5–7 mm, flat, glabrous or tuberculate-pilose on the surface, usually pectinate on the margins with stiff tubercle-based setae but without raised glands interspersed among them, acute at the apex.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 10–18 cm long, lanceolate to narrowly oblong; branches in a succession of whorls, smooth, with elongated viscid glandular patches, the spikelets 2–3 on secondary branchlets or 5–6 directly on the primary branches, the spikelets or branchlets confined to the distal part of the primary branches.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.5–2.1 mm long, reddish; inferior glume 2/5–2/3 the length of the spikelet, narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, nerveless, glabrous, acute to acuminate at the apex; superior glume as long as the spikelet, ovate-elliptic, 1-nerved, glabrous or minutely asperulous, acute to acuminate at the apex; lemma as long as the spikelet or almost so, ovate-elliptic; anthers 3, 1–1.2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Grain broadly elliptic to obovate, 0.7–1.25 mm long, terete or lightly laterally compressed.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; culms solitary, or caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 10-60 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 2-16 cm long; 1-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins ciliate. Leaf-blade apex acuminate, or attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 3-15 cm long. Primary panicle branches whorled at most nodes; bearing 4-12 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1-2.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1-2.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.4-1.3 mm long; 0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1-2.2 mm long; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; red; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 0.9-2 mm long; membranous; red; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.2-0.8(-1) mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid; laterally compressed; 0.8-1.4 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Height
    Up to 60 cm. high
    Inflorescences
    Dark red spikelets
    Ecology
    Rock outcrops and hillsides.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual; culms 10–60 cm. high, solitary or loosely tufted, erect or ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear, 2–16 cm. long, 1–4 mm. wide, pectinate-ciliate or sparsely pilose on the margins, acuminate to filiform at the tip.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle lanceolate to narrowly oblong, 3–15 cm. long; primary branches in whorls, each bearing 4–12 spikelets.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1–2.2 mm. long, glabrous or scaberulous, tinged with dark red; lower glume lanceolate, 0.4–1.3 mm. long; upper glume ovate-elliptic, as long as the spikelet; lemma similar to the upper glume, but a little shorter; anthers 3, 0.2–0.8(–1) mm. long.
    Fruits
    Grain ellipsoid to narrowly oblong, distinctly laterally compressed, 0.8–1.4 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Shallow soils on rocks, road verges and steep hillsides in open bushland or wooded grassland; 1200–2000 m.
    Distribution
    K5 T1 T4 T6 T7 T8 U3 tropical Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Sporobolus paniculatus (Trin.) T.Durand & Schinz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2001 Pollard, B.J. [142], Cameroon K000107910
    Jun 1, 2001 Pollard, B.J. [128], Cameroon K000107921
    Deighton, F.C. [157], Sierra Leone K000365300 Unknown type material
    Hinton, G.B. [1876], México State K000465911
    Hinton, G.B. [1934], México State K000465913
    Hinton, G.B. [1798], México State K000465914
    Hinton, G.B. [2124], México State K000465915
    Hinton, G.B. [9608], Guerrero K000465912
    Sanford, W.W. [5396], Cameroon K000182190
    Sanford, W.W. [5392], Cameroon K000182191
    Humbert, H. [4719], Madagascar K000244777
    Vogel [s.n.], Nigeria K000365302 Unknown type material
    Vogel [89], Nigeria K000365303 Unknown type material
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [3996], Madagascar K000244776 Unknown type material
    Hens, Fr. [297], Congo K000365288 isotype
    Aug 1, 1930 Lely, H. V. [436], Nigeria Sporobolus regularis K000365301 Unknown type material

    First published in Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 823 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Clayton in Kew Bull. 19: 294.
    • Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 823 (1895)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 407 (1972).
    • Th. Dur. & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 823 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0