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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus sanguineus Rendle

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths herbaceous. Culms erect; 7-120 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat; 10-40 cm long; 1.5-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; linear, or lanceolate; 20-35 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches moderately spaced (overlapping); whorled at most nodes (10-20 whorls); 2-6 cm long; naked below. Panicle branches glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2-3.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2-3.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume oblong; 0.5-1.6 mm long; 0.25-0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 2-3.5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; red; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 2-3.5 mm long; membranous; red; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.2-1.7 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid; 1.5-1.6 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Caespitose perennial, rarely with a short oblique rhizome; culms up to 120 cm tall, erect, unbranched; basal leaf sheaths chartaceous, not expanded, glabrous or shortly pilose near the margins above, rarely pilose throughout, terete, persistent; leaf laminas 10–40(55) cm × 1.5–6 mm, flat, folded or involute, glabrous or thinly pilose above, smooth or tuberculate-pectinate on the margins, attenuate to a slender filiform apex.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 14–35 cm long, linear to narrowly lanceolate; branches in a succession of whorls of ± equal length (those of the lowermost whorl usually more widely spreading than the remainder, bearing spikelets in the distal half only; the remainder bearing spikelets in the distal 2/3 or almost from the base), smooth or scaberulous, inconspicuously glandular, the spikelets either in pairs on appressed branchlets or singly and appressed to the primary branches.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets (2.2)2.5–3.5 mm long, reddish; inferior glume 1/3–1/2 the length of the spikelet, rarely almost suppressed (and about 1/10 as long), lanceolate, nerveless, glabrous, obtuse at the apex; superior glume as long as the spikelet, lanceolate-elliptic, 1-nerved, smooth or hispidulous, acute to acuminate at the apex; lemma as long as the spikelet or almost so, lanceolate-elliptic; anthers 3, (1.2)1.4–2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Grain (1.3)1.5–1.9 mm long, elliptic to narrowly ovate, scarcely to strongly laterally compressed.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Perennial; culms 70–120 cm. high; basal sheaths neither broad and papery nor horny.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear, flat, 10–40 cm. long, 1.5–6 mm. wide, attenuate to a slender filiform tip.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle linear to lanceolate, usually 20–35 cm. long; primary branches in 10–20 whorls, longer than the interval between whorls, the lower third of their length bare.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–3.5 mm. long, glabrous, reddish; lower glume lanceolate, 0.5–1.6 mm. long, rarely almost suppressed; upper glume lanceolate-elliptic, as long as the spikelet; lemma similar to the upper glume or a little shorter; anthers 3, 1.2–1.7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Grain ellipsoid, 1.5–1.6 mm. long.
    Habitat
    On hillsides and sandy soils in deciduous bushland or Brachystegia wooded grassland; sea-level to 1800 m.
    Distribution
    K4 T1 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 tropical Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Sporobolus sanguineus Rendle appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1975 Steut [5565] K000365211 isotype
    Jan 1, 1975 Steut [5565] K000365212 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1975 Steut [5565] K000365213 isotype
    Jun 1, 1968 Stolz, A. [1115] K000365241 Unknown type material
    Jun 1, 1968 Schlieben [21852185] K000365238 Unknown type material
    Jun 1, 1968 Schlieben [21852185] K000365239 Unknown type material
    Jun 1, 1968 Schlieben [21852185] K000365240 Unknown type material
    Stolz, A. [1216] K000365242 Unknown type material
    Welwitsch [2660], Angola K000365210 holotype
    Schweinfurth [3971], Sudan K000365263 Unknown type material
    Homble, H.A. [64], Congo K000365290 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in W.P.Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. 2: 209 (1899)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 406 (1972).
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 45 (1965).
    • Rendle in Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 2: 209 (1899).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0