1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus stolzii Mez

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Loosely tufted annual; culms 10–60 cm. high, erect.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear, 1–6 cm. long, 2–6 mm. wide, pectinate-ciliate on the margins.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle narrowly elliptic, 5–14 cm. long; primary branches in whorls, smooth, bearing 6–30 spikelets.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 0.9–1.6 mm. long, glabrous or hispidulous; lower glume lanceolate, 0.4–0.6 mm. long; upper glume ovate-elliptic, as long as the spikelet, smooth or spinulose; lemma ovate, a little shorter than the spikelet; anthers 3, 0.1–0.4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Grain spherical, 0.3–0.6 mm. in diameter.
    Habitat
    Roadsides and waste places in deciduous bushland; sea-level to 1800 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T4 T5 T7 T8 U1 Senegal to Ethiopia, and southwards to Rhodesia
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect; 10-60 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 1-6 cm long; 2-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins ciliate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; 5-14 cm long. Primary panicle branches whorled at most nodes; bearing 6-30 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Panicle branches smooth. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 0.9-1.6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 0.9-1.6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.4-0.6 mm long; 0.4-0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 0.9-1.6 mm long; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface smooth, or spinose. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 0.8-1.5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or hispidulous. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.1-0.4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; orbicular; isodiametric; 0.3-0.6 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Annual, up to 60 cm. high.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Loosely caespitose annual; culms up to 60 cm tall, erect, often branched below; leaf sheaths chartaceous, glabrous on the back, ciliate on the margins, terete; leaf laminas 1–6 cm × 2–6 mm, flat, hispidulous above, glabrous beneath, pectinate-ciliate on the margins with tubercle-based hairs, acute at the apex.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 4.5–16 cm long, narrowly elliptic; branches in a succession of whorls, smooth, with elongated viscid glandular patches, the spikelets 6–30 per branch, evenly distributed in the distal part.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 0.8–1.4 mm long, reddish-brown; inferior glume 2/5–3/5 the length of the spikelet, lanceolate, nerveless, glabrous, acute to acuminate at the apex; superior glume as long as the spikelet, ovate to ovate-elliptic, 1-nerved, smooth or hispidulous, acute at the apex; lemma a little shorter than the spikelet, ovate; anthers 3, 0.2–0.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Grain rotund or subrotund, 0.4–0.7 mm across, slightly laterally compressed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burkina, Burundi, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Sporobolus stolzii Mez appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Adam, J.G. [15365], Sudan K000365297 Unknown type material
    Feb 1, 1962 Demange [17], Mali Sporobolus granularis K000392209

    First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 297 (1921)

    Accepted by

    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Fedde Rep. 17: 297 (1921).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 407 (1972).
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 46 (1965).
    • Mez in F. Fedde, Repertorium Speciorum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 17: 297 (1921).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0