1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus subglobosus A.Chev.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & E. Tropical Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect; 35-90 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 4-15 cm long; 2-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins glabrous, or ciliate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 6-40 cm long. Primary panicle branches whorled at most nodes; bearing 5-12 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.5-2.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.5-2.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.7-1.3 mm long; 0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 1.5-2.2 mm long; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; red; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 1.4-2 mm long; membranous; red; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.5-0.7 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; orbicular; isodiametric; 0.8-1 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical and east tropical.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Coarse loosely tufted annual; culms 35–90 cm. high, erect.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear, 4–15 cm. long, 2–6 mm. wide, pectinate-ciliate on the margins (not in E. African specimens).
    Inflorescences
    Panicle lanceolate, 6–40 cm. long; primary branches in whorls, each usually bearing 5–12 spikelets.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.5–2(–2.2 in E. Africa) mm. long, glabrous or scaberulous, reddish; lower glume lanceolate, 0.7–1.3 mm. long; upper glume oblong-elliptic, as long as the spikelet; lemma similar to the upper glume but a little shorter; anthers 3, 0.5–0.7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Grain spherical, rarely tetragonal, 0.8–1 mm. in diameter.
    Habitat
    Open places in coastal bushland; up to 300 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T8 Ivory Coast to Nigeria
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Annual, 30–90 cm. high
    Ecology
    Along roadsides.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Tanzania

    Sporobolus subglobosus A.Chev. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Chevalier [22075], Ivory Coast K000365324 Unknown type material
    Chevalier [22075], Ivory Coast K000365298 isotype
    Barter, C. [1395] K000365299 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 20: 469 (1948)

    Accepted by

    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Bull. Mus. Hist. Mat., sér. 2, 20: 469 (1948).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 407 (1972).
    • A. Chev. in Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 20: 469 (1948).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0