1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus subulatus Hack.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths papery. Culms erect; 20-80 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades filiform; involute; 5-25 cm long; 1-2.5 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; pyramidal, or ovate; 4-16 cm long. Primary panicle branches whorled at most nodes (4-8 whorls); naked below. Panicle branches glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2.5-3.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2.5-3.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate, or ovate; 1.1-2.8 mm long; 0.5-0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 2.5-3.8 mm long; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; purple; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 2-3.5 mm long; membranous; purple; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.8-2.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid; 1.8-2 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Northern Provinces

    Sporobolus subulatus Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [3052], Madagascar K000244778
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [2260], Madagascar K000244779
    Chevalier [20855] K000365309 isotype
    Chevalier [20855] K000365310 isotype
    Coll. Nat. d'Agric. de Dschang [1796], Cameroon K000182217

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 29: 65 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0