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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus uniglumis Stent & J.M.Rattray

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zimbabwe.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Caespitose annual; culms up to 40 cm tall, erect or ascending, branched or unbranched; leaf sheaths chartaceous, glabrous or with tubercle-based hairs near the margins above, lightly laterally compressed; leaf laminas 3–8 cm × 3–6 mm, flat, glabrous or scattered tuberculate-pilose on the surfaces, pectinate-ciliate below with tubercle-based setae but without raised glands interspersed among them, acute or subacute at the apex.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 3–6 cm long, ovate; branches in a succession of whorls, smooth, with scattered elongated viscid glandular patches, the spikelets 2–3 on secondary branchlets or directly on the primary branches above, branchlets and spikelets absent from the lowermost 1/5–1/4 of the primary branches.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.2–1.6 mm long, greyish-green; inferior glume up to 1/4 the length of the spikelet but usually much less and often quite suppressed, oblong, nerveless, glabrous, obtuse at the apex; superior glume as long as the spikelet, ovate-elliptic, 1-nerved, conspicuously hispidulous (use ×10 handlens), acute at the apex; lemma as long as the spikelet or almost so, ovate-elliptic; anthers 3, 0.35–0.65 mm long.
    Fruits
    Grain elliptic or obovate, 0.7–0.8 mm long, terete or lightly laterally compressed.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tufted annual; culms 20–30 cm. high, erect or ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly lanceolate, 3–8 cm. long, 3–6 mm. wide, pectinate-ciliate on the margins near the base.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle ovate, 3–6 cm. long; primary branches in whorls.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.2–1.6 mm. long, hispidulous (distinctly hairy under a lens), greyish green; lower glume a tiny oblong scale up to 0.2 mm. long, but often completely suppressed; upper glume ovate-elliptic, as long as the spikelet; lemma similar, or a little shorter; anthers 3, 0.4–0.6 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Grain ellipsoid or obovoid, 0.7–0.8 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Roadsides and around termite heaps; 1350 m.
    Distribution
    T4
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 20-30 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 3-8 cm long; 3-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins ciliate; hairy at base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 3-6 cm long. Primary panicle branches whorled at most nodes. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.2-1.6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.2-1.6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure, or two; deciduous; dissimilar; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume ovate; 0-0.2 mm long; 0-0.1 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 1.2-1.6 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; grey; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface hispidulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 1.2-1.6 mm long; membranous; grey; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma surface hispidulous. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.4-0.6 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid, or obovoid; 0.7-0.8 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Sporobolus uniglumis Stent & J.M.Rattray appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mundy, H. G. [2896] K000365214 isotype
    Mundy, H. G. [2896] K000365215 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Proc. & Trans. Rhodesia Sci. Assoc. 32: 52 (1933)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Stent & Rattray in Proc. Rhod. Sci. Ass. 32: 52 (1933).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0