1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus wallichii Munro ex Thwaites

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China to China (Yunnan).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual, or perennial; short-lived; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 90-120 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.5 mm long. Leaf-blades 20-46 cm long; 4-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins smooth, or scaberulous; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; effuse; 25-45 cm long; 10-20 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 5-10 cm long. Panicle branches capillary. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 3-8 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume elliptic, or oblong; 0.5-0.75 mm long; 0.5-0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 1 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 2 mm long; membranous; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; obovoid; quadrangular; 1 mm long; dark brown; truncate. Embryo 0.5 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Gr Tex 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand

    Sporobolus wallichii Munro ex Thwaites appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 24, 2009 Sorensen, Th. [2390], Thailand K000648144
    Mar 24, 2009 Smitinand, T. [1609], Thailand K000648145
    Mar 24, 2009 Marcan, A. [2337], Thailand K000648146
    Jan 1, 1889 Wallich [3769], India K000245608 isotype
    Jan 1, 1889 s.coll. [s.n.], India K001079379
    Kerr, A.F.G. [9136], Thailand K000621575
    Kerr, A.F.G. [9136], Thailand K000621576
    Kerr, A.F.G. [9136], Thailand K000621577
    Marcan, A. [2337], Thailand K000621578
    Marcan, A. [2337], Thailand K000621579
    Wallich, N. [3769], India K000245145
    Wallich, N. [3769], India K000907386

    First published in J. Bot. 27: 171 (1889)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0