1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Stereochlaena Hack.
      1. Stereochlaena cameronii (Stapf) Pilg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Limpopo.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tufted perennial, the basal leaf-sheaths pubescent to tomentose; culms 30–100 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat, 8–20 cm. long, 2–8 mm. wide, mostly ± hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of (2–)3–8(–10) racemes, each 3–16 cm. long, the rhachis-margins ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets narrowly lanceolate, 2.5–3.5 mm. long; lower glume suppressed; upper glume 0.1–0.5 mm. long, obtuse to acute; lower lemma flat on the back with rounded sides, 7-nerved, these clearly raised, the awn 5–20 mm. long; upper floret dark brown.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia wooded grassland; 870 m.
    Distribution
    T8 southwards to South Africa
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Tufted perennial, the basal sheaths pubescent to tomentose.
    Culms
    Culms 30–100 cm. high.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of (2)3–8(10) racemes, each 3–16 cm. long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm. long, narrowly lanceolate.
    Glume
    Superior glume 0.1–0.5 mm. long, obtuse to acute.
    Lemma
    Inferior lemma entire, the awn 5–20 mm. long, rarely shorter on some of the spikelets.
    Inferior
    Inferior lemma entire, the awn 5–20 mm. long, rarely shorter on some of the spikelets.
    Florets
    Superior floret dark brown.
    Superior
    Superior floret dark brown. Superior glume 0.1–0.5 mm. long, obtuse to acute.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pubescent, or woolly. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-100 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 8-20 cm long; 2-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes (2-)3-8(-10); digitate; unilateral; 3-16 cm long. Rhachis narrowly winged; angular; 0.6-0.8 mm wide; ciliate on margins. Spikelets appressed; in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume ovate; 0.1-0.5 mm long; 0.05 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 0-1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent, or distinct. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; ribbed; scabrous; rough on veins; acute; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 5-20 mm long. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 1.5-2 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner on margins; dark brown; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma margins flat; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute. Palea chartaceous.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Stereochlaena cameronii (Stapf) Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Cameron [15], Malawi K000281552 holotype
    Cameron [15], Malawi K000281553
    Biegel, H.M. [1890], Zimbabwe K000281557
    Buchanan, J. [7], Malawi K000281555
    Buchanan, J. [7], Malawi K000281556
    Whyte, Malawi K000281554
    Patel, H. [7309], Mozambique K000613571

    First published in H.G.A.Engler, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 14e: 45 (1940)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pilg. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 14e: 45 (1940).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0