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This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Siberia and Pakistan.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pubescent. Culms erect; 25-40 cm long. Culm-internodes smooth; distally glabrous, or pubescent. Leaves basal and cauline. Leaf-sheaths ribbed. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 4 mm long; membranous; obtuse. Leaf-blades erect to ascending; filiform; conduplicate; 15-30 cm long; 1 mm wide; stiff; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle contracted; elliptic; 10 cm long; bearing few spikelets. Primary panicle branches appressed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 30-60 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; pungent.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 30-60 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; pungent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; with lower narrower than upper; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 30-60 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; yellow; 1-keeled (very slightly); keeled below; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex setaceously attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 30-60 mm long; 1.7-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; yellow; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma linear; subterete; 15-20 mm long; coriaceous; 3(-5) -veined. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea; ciliate. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn geniculate; 150-300 mm long overall; with twisted column; deciduous; abscissing from top of lemma; limb plumose. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea linear; tightly convolute around flower; 0.8 length of lemma; coriaceous; 2 -veined; without keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; lanceolate; membranous; acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; fusiform.
Distribution
Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, China, and Mongolia.
Reference
Stipeae. TB.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Altay, Austria, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, Corse, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krasnoyarsk, Mongolia, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, South European Russi, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Ukraine, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

Stipa pennata L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 78 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Gonzalo, R., Aedo, C. & Angel García, M. (2013). Taxonomic revision of the Eurasian Stipa subsections Stipa and Tirsae (Poaceae) Systematic Botany 38: 344-378.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
  • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Nobis, M. & al. (2020). A synopsis of the genus Stipa (Poaceae) in Middle Asia, including a key to species identification, an annotated checklist, and phytogeographic analysis Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 105: 1-63.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Gonzalo, R., Aedo, C. & Angel García, M. (2013). Taxonomic revision of the Eurasian Stipa subsections Stipa and Tirsae (Poaceae) Systematic Botany 38: 344-378.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
  • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0