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This species is accepted, and its native range is Afghanistan to W. & Central Himalaya.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-120 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 15-30 cm long; 2-4 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence compound; paniculate; 20-30 cm long. Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary; deciduous as a whole; subtended by a spatheole; enclosed. Spatheole lanceolate; 1.5-2 cm long; scarious; red, or purple, or grey; without tubercles; glabrous. Racemes 1; single; oblong; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 2-4 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis tough. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels oblong; 0.5 mm long.
Sterile
Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 4 in number; forming an involucre about the fertile; subsessile; deciduous with the fertile; lanceolate; 5-8 mm long; equalling fertile. Basal sterile spikelet glumes smooth on margins, or tuberculate on margins and ciliate on margins; lower glume muticous. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; 6-8 mm long; longer than fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet callus oblong. Companion sterile spikelet glumes smooth, or tuberculate; puberulous, or pilose. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 5-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus oblong; 1 mm long; bearded; base obtuse; attached obliquely. Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 4 in number; forming an involucre about the fertile; subsessile; deciduous with the fertile; lanceolate; 5-8 mm long; equalling fertile. Basal sterile spikelet glumes smooth on margins, or tuberculate on margins and ciliate on margins; lower glume muticous. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; 6-8 mm long; longer than fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet callus oblong. Companion sterile spikelet glumes smooth, or tuberculate; puberulous, or pilose. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 5-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus oblong; 1 mm long; bearded; base obtuse; attached obliquely.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; without keels. Lower glume surface glabrous, or puberulous, or pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; hyaline. Fertile lemma lanceolate; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex entire; acute; muticous. Palea absent or minute.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: western Asia and China. Asia-tropical: India.
Reference
Andropogoneae. WDC.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet, West Himalaya

Themeda anathera (Nees ex Steud.) Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1889 Wallich, N. [8773], India K000245971 Unknown type material

First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 669 (1889)

Accepted by

  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0