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This species is accepted, and its native range is India, Sri Lanka.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Culms 150-250 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 30-60 cm long; 4-8 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence compound; paniculate; 50-90 cm long; dense. Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary; subtended by a spatheole; exserted, or embraced at base by subtending leaf. Spatheole lanceolate; 1-1.5 cm long; scarious; brown, or red; without tubercles; glabrous. Racemes 1; single; cuneate; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 1-2 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis fragile at the nodes. Rhachis internodes linear. Spikelets in pairs, or in threes. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster, or 2 in the cluster. Pedicels oblong; 0.5 mm long.
Sterile
Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 4 in number; forming an involucre about the fertile; subsessile; lanceolate; 5-8 mm long; larger than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet glumes smooth, or tuberculate; glabrous, or pilose; lower glume muticous. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; 4.5-8 mm long; longer than fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet callus linear. Companion sterile spikelet glumes smooth; glabrous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; subterete; 4-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus cuneate; 0.5-1 mm long; bearded; base acute; attached obliquely. Spikelet callus hairs white, or dark brown. Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 4 in number; forming an involucre about the fertile; subsessile; lanceolate; 5-8 mm long; larger than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet glumes smooth, or tuberculate; glabrous, or pilose; lower glume muticous. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; 4.5-8 mm long; longer than fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet callus linear. Companion sterile spikelet glumes smooth; glabrous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; subterete; 4-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus cuneate; 0.5-1 mm long; bearded; base acute; attached obliquely. Spikelet callus hairs white, or dark brown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; without keels. Lower glume surface glabrous, or puberulous. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; hyaline. Fertile lemma linear; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex entire; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn apical; geniculate; 10-20 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn puberulous. Palea absent or minute.
Distribution
Asia-tropical: India.
Reference
Andropogoneae. WDC.

Native to:

India, Sri Lanka

Themeda cymbaria Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1889 Wight, R. [1707], Tamil Nadu K000245970 Unknown type material
Wight., R.1707 [s.n.], India K000911709

First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 668 (1889)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0