1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Triticum L.
      1. Triticum monococcum L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Europe to Afghanistan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; culms solitary, or caespitose. Culms 45-80 cm long. Culm-nodes bearded. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface puberulous. Leaf-blade margins smooth, or scaberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; (2.5-)3-4 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes (tardily); flattened; glabrous on margins, or pubescent on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes oblong; 2-2.5 mm long; falling with spikelet above. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1(-2) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1(-2) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; 6-8 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 2-keeled; keeled all along; 5-9 -veined. Lower glume apex dentate; 2 -fid. Upper glume oblong; 6-8 mm long; 0.9-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 2-keeled; keeled all along; 5-9 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins divergent at apex. Upper glume apex dentate; 2 -fid.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 8-10 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 9-11 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn (30-)60-80 mm long overall. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped; 1 in number.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north, northeast tropical, and southern tropical. Asia-temperate: Caucasus and western Asia.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, North Caucasus, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Algeria, Belarus, Central European Rus, East European Russia, Ethiopia, France, Great Britain, Morocco, Northwest European R, Romania, Spain, Zimbabwe

    Triticum monococcum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Lejeune, A.L.S. [s.n.] K000979047 isotype
    Lejeune, A.L.S. [33] K000979048
    Lejeune, A.L.S. [s.n.] K000979049
    Kornicke, F.A. [s.n.], Germany K000979050
    Scheppig, A. A. C. [s.n.], Germany K000979051
    Scheppig, A. A. C. [s.n.], Germany K000979052

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 86 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • van Slageren, M. & Payne, T. (2013). Concepts and nomenclature of the Farro wheats, with special reference to Emmer, Triticum turgidum subsp. dicoccum (Poaceae) Kew Bulletin 68: 477-494.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Heun, M., Haldorsen, S. & Vollana, K. (2008). Reassessing domestication events in the Near East: Einkorn and Triticum urartu Genome 51: 444-451.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0