1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urelytrum Hack.
      1. Urelytrum agropyroides (Hack.) Hack.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ghana to Tanzania and S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. A. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:4. 2002

    Habit
    Caespitose perennial forming hard tussocks; culms up to 200 cm high.
    Leaf sheaths
    Leaf sheaths usually glabrous above; ligule (2)3–6 mm long, usually conspicuous, acute, lacerate, often adnate to lateral auricles; leaf laminas 10–40 cm × 1–6 mm, narrow, harsh.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 1(2) racemes each 8–25 cm long; rhachis internodes and pedicels often pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Sessile spikelet narrowly elliptic; inferior glume 6–9 mm long, glabrous or pubescent, smooth, spinulose or muricate on the keels, acute at the apex. Pedicelled spikelet 2–7 mm long, with an awn (1)3–7(12) cm long.
    Sessile
    Sessile spikelet narrowly elliptic; inferior glume 6–9 mm long, glabrous or pubescent, smooth, spinulose or muricate on the keels, acute at the apex.
    Pedicelled
    Pedicelled spikelet 2–7 mm long, with an awn (1)3–7(12) cm long.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 50-200 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath auricles absent, or erect. Ligule an eciliate membrane; (2-)3-6 mm long; lacerate; acute. Leaf-blades 10-40 cm long; 1-6 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface ribbed. Leaf-blade margins spinulose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1(-2); single, or paired; smoothly terete; 8-25 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; semiterete; glabrous on surface, or pubescent on surface. Rhachis internodes cuneate. Rhachis internode tip oblique; crateriform; with scarious rim. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels cuneate; glabrous, or pubescent; tip cupuliform.
    Spikelets
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; comprising 2 subequal glumes without lemmas, or containing empty lemmas, or male; elliptic; 2-7 mm long; shorter than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; awned; one glume awned; with (1-)3-7(-12) mm long awn. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 0-2; enclosed by glumes. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 7-10 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus oblong; pubescent; base obtuse; inserted.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; comprising 2 subequal glumes without lemmas, or containing empty lemmas, or male; elliptic; 2-7 mm long; shorter than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; awned; one glume awned; with (1-)3-7(-12) mm long awn. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 0-2; enclosed by glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 7-10 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus oblong; pubescent; base obtuse; inserted.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; without keels; keel-less except near apex. Lower glume surface smooth, or spinose, or muricate; rough on flanks; glabrous, or pubescent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret linear; hyaline; 2 -veined. Fertile lemma lanceolate; hyaline; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea hyaline.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Perennial forming hard tussocks; culms 0.5–2 m. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrow, harsh, 10–40 cm. long, 1–6 mm. wide; ligule usually conspicuous, (2–)3–6 mm. long, acute, lacerate, often adnate to lateral auricles; sheaths seldom hairy above.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 1(–2) racemes each 8–25 cm. long; internodes and pedicels often pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Sessile spikelet narrowly elliptic; lower glume 6–9 mm. long, glabrous or pubescent, smooth, spinulose or muricate on the keels, acute. Pedicelled spikelet 2–7 mm. long, its awn (1–)3–7(–12) cm. long.
    Sessile
    Sessile spikelet narrowly elliptic; lower glume 6–9 mm. long, glabrous or pubescent, smooth, spinulose or muricate on the keels, acute.
    Pedicelled
    Pedicelled spikelet 2–7 mm. long, its awn (1–)3–7(–12) cm. long.
    Habitat
    Open wooded grassland; 800–1600 m.
    Distribution
    T4 southwards to South Africasporadic occurrences north-westwards to Ghana
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Perennial about 1 m. high.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Perennial up to 2·5 m. high.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Free State, Ghana, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Urelytrum agropyroides (Hack.) Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hinds, J.H. [6], Ghana K000280053 holotype
    Hinds, J.H. [6], Ghana K000280054 holotype
    Bidgood, S. [5110], Tanzania K000190338
    Angola K000280037
    Burchell, W.J. [2200], Botswana K000280041 holotype
    Burchell, W.J. [2200], Botswana K000280042 isotype
    Vanderyst [8647], Zaïre K000280065 isotype
    Rose Innes, R. [31325], Ghana K000280052 holotype
    Schweickerdt, H.G.W.J. [1693], South Africa K000280039
    Burtt-Davy, J. [18915], South Africa K000280040
    Bumpus, D. [29], Nigeria K000280055 holotype

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 272 (1889)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Robyns, W. (1929). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1: 1-229. Goemaere, Bruxelles.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 45 (1917).
    • Hack. in DC., Monogr. Phan. 6: 272 (1889).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0