1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Vulpiella (Batt. & Trab.) Burollet
      1. Vulpiella stipoides (L.) Maire

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & Central Medit.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 10-40 cm long. Culm-nodes black. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3 mm long; lacerate; truncate, or obtuse, or acute. Leaf-blades 2-8 cm long; 1-2 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; elliptic, or ovate; 4-9 cm long. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear, or oblong; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-18 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-40 mm long; 5-7 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes eventually visible between lemmas; scaberulous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-18 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-40 mm long; 5-7 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes eventually visible between lemmas; scaberulous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.66 length of upper glume; scarious; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute; mucronate. Upper glume lanceolate; 0.5-0.66 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; 1-keeled; 2-3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume apex acute; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4-8 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein scaberulous. Lemma lateral veins close to margins. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 2-8 mm long overall. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2.5-4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear; laterally compressed; trigonous; sulcate on hilar side; 2.5-3 mm long. Embryo 0.25-0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum elliptic.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern and southeastern. Africa: north.
    Reference
    Poeae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Baleares, Corse, France, Italy, Libya, Morocco, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia

    Vulpiella stipoides (L.) Maire appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sandwith, N.Y. [2009], Libya K000334611
    Davis [49746], Libya K000334609
    McCallum Webster, M. [2667], United Kingdom K000334563
    Bourgeau, E. [s.n.], Algeria K000334612
    Bourgeau, E. [s.n.], Algeria K000334616
    Bornmuller, J. [934], Libya K000334610
    Cosson, M.M.E. [s.n.], Tunisia K000334607
    Prior, A. [s.n.], Italy K000334598
    Trevelyan, W.C. [s.n.], Italy K000334596
    Park, B.C. [333], Libya K000334608
    Warion, A. [s.n.], Algeria K000334606
    Balansa, B. [280], Algeria K000334600
    Durieu de Maisonneuve, M.C. [1343], Algeria K000334613
    Rostan, E. [s.n.], France K000334590
    Parlatore, F. [s.n.], Italy K000334597
    s.coll. [s.n.], Italy K000334593
    s.coll. [s.n.], France K000334594
    s.coll. [231], Libya K000334599
    s.coll. [s.n.], Algeria K000334605
    Muller, U.I. [18289], Italy K000334592
    Muller, U.I. [18289], Italy K000334595
    [Draser], J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000334561
    [Draser], J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K000334562
    [Gheni] [s.n.], Spain K000334589
    [Grenice] [s.n.], France K000334591
    [Wariry], A. [s.n.], Algeria K000334601
    [P.O.] [335], Algeria K000334602
    [Joad], H.L. [s.n.], Algeria K000334603
    [Greuia] [s.n.], France K000334604
    Desfontaines, R.L. [s.n.], Algeria K001081846
    Taubert, P.H.W. [74], Libya K000334614 Unknown type material
    Taubert, P.H.W. [74], Libya K000334615 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 95 (1942)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0