1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Zizania L.
      1. Zizania latifolia (Griseb.) Turcz. ex Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Assam to SE. Siberia and Temp. E. Asia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Stolons present. Culms 100-150 cm long; spongy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 12-20 mm long. Leaf-blades 30-100 cm long; 20-30 mm wide; coriaceous. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough on both sides. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence. Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 35-50 cm long. Sexes segregated; on unisexual branches; with male below. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Male spikelets pedicelled (pendulous). Pedicels 3 mm long; pubescent; tip cupuliform.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 15-17 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma oblong; 15-17 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 15-50 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 6; 5-8 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear; 10-20 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Male spikelets distinct from female; 8-12 mm long. Male spikelet glumes absent. Male spikelet lemma 5 -veined; awned (8-10mm). Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 15-17 mm long; falling entire.
    Male
    Male spikelets distinct from female; 8-12 mm long. Male spikelet glumes absent. Male spikelet lemma 5 -veined; awned (8-10mm).
    Distribution
    Europe: eastern. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, and Malesia. Australasia: New Zealand. Pacific: north-central.
    Reference
    Oryzeae. Bor.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Amur, Assam, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Hainan, Japan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., Manchuria, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Primorye, Taiwan

    Introduced into:

    Belarus, Borneo, Central European Rus, East European Russia, Hawaii, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Malaya, New Zealand North, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Transcaucasus, Vietnam

    Zizania latifolia (Griseb.) Turcz. ex Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Turczaninow, N.S. [s.n.], Amur K000587410
    Turczaninow, N.S. [s.n.], Amur K000587411

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1909: 385 (1909)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0