1. Family: Clusiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Garcinia L.
      1. Garcinia buchananii Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

    Habit
    Tree or shrub 1.5–15(–25) m. tall, with dark grey or brownish non-corky bark yielding yellow latex when cut; young branchlets red, angular.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite; blades elliptic to ovate, (3.5–)7–16 cm. long, (2–)2.5–7.5 cm. wide, ± long-acuminate at the apex, cuneate, obtuse or sometimes ± rounded at the base, usually ± coriaceous, glabrous; venation prominent on both faces with numerous lateral nerves; secretory canals continuous and opaque, ± parallel to the midrib, visible beneath; petioles red, (0.5–)1–1.5 cm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or creamy yellow to orange.
    Flowers
    Male flowers in short axillary or terminal cymes, often raceme-like; pedicels 3–5 mm. long; sepals 4, ± round, unequal, the outer 2–2.5(–5) mm. long and wide, the inner 3.5–4(–10) mm. long and wide; petals 4, obovate, 8–9(–12) mm. long, 4–5(–10) mm. wide, glabrous; fasciclodes joined to form an obconic “ disc ” 2 mm. in diameter; staminal bundles 4, of 5–6 sessile stamens each; anthers not septate. Female flowers usually solitary, axillary or terminal; pedicel 3–6 mm. long; sepals and petals resembling those of the male flowers; stamens absent or sometimes a few present, free and sterile; ovary 4-locular; stigma orange, sessile, 4-lobed.
    Male
    Male flowers in short axillary or terminal cymes, often raceme-like; pedicels 3–5 mm. long; sepals 4, ± round, unequal, the outer 2–2.5(–5) mm. long and wide, the inner 3.5–4(–10) mm. long and wide; petals 4, obovate, 8–9(–12) mm. long, 4–5(–10) mm. wide, glabrous; fasciclodes joined to form an obconic “ disc ” 2 mm. in diameter; staminal bundles 4, of 5–6 sessile stamens each; anthers not septate.
    Female
    Female flowers usually solitary, axillary or terminal; pedicel 3–6 mm. long; sepals and petals resembling those of the male flowers; stamens absent or sometimes a few present, free and sterile; ovary 4-locular; stigma orange, sessile, 4-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit orange, yellow or red, subglobose, 2–2.5 cm. in diameter, with a smooth surface, glabrous, edible.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–4, ellipsoid, 0.7–1.5 cm. long, 6–8.5 mm. wide, 3–5 mm. thick.
    Habitat
    Evergreen forest, often riverine, thickets and densely wooded grassland, also in coastal forest on pure sand; 60–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K5 K6 K7 T1 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U3 U4

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Garcinia buchananii Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 354 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Bamps, P., Robson, N. & Verdcourt, B. (1978). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Guttiferae: 1-34.
    • Bamps, P. (1970). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Guttiferae: 1-74. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.

    Not accepted by

    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Garcinia huillensis.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bamps in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Guttif.: 66 (1970).
    • Bamps in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 39: 367 (1969)
    • Bamps in Distr. Pl. Afr. 1, map 26 (1969)
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 153 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 242 (1949).
    • Staner in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 13: 133 (1934).
    • Fries, Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped. 1: 153 (1914).
    • Bak. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1894: 354 (1894).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0