1. Family: Clusiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Garcinia L.
      1. Garcinia huillensis Welw.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Congo to Tanzania and S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Guttiferae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Evergreen shrub or tree, 1·4–15 m. high, erect, much branched, glabrous; branches dense or ± spreading, angular or grooved.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, coriaceous, petiolate; lamina 5–11 (13·5) × (2) 3–5 (7·5) cm., oblong or elliptic to oblanceolate, obtuse (rarely acute or rounded) at the apex, often with a rounded mucro or a short acumen, cuneate at the base, deep green above, paler below, purple-tinged when young, with numerous branched and anastomosing lateral veins prominent on both surfaces and forming an angle of 30°–60° with the midrib, and dark ± longitudinal glandular lines visible on the lower surface, but without any visible translucent glands; petiole 4–6 mm. long, channelled above, sometimes red; ligule inconspicuous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary, rarely terminal; flowers polygamous, 10–15 mm. in diam., single or in few-flowered, sessile or shortly pedunculate, biparous cymes or fascicles; pedicels 2–5 mm. long, pale green, ± quadrangular.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, pale or yellowish green, ± unequal, the outer pair orbicular or semi-orbicular, sometimes very small, the inner pair larger, orbicular or broadly obovate, rounded at the apex.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, 5–8 mm. long, 2–3 times as long as the inner sepals, greenish to yellow, obovate, spreading in flower, rounded at the apex.
    Male
    Male flowers with 4 stamen-fascicles, each with 7–8 stamens with filaments completely united and anthers sessile, oblong, curved, not septate; ovary-vestige orange, c. 2 mm. in diam.
    Female
    Female flowers with a pale green, globular or flask-shaped, 4-locular ovary, surmounted by a broad peltate sticky orange-yellow ± 4-lobed stigma.
    Flowers
    Bisexual flowers like female ones, but with 4 slender stamens, or 4 stamen-fascicles each of 2 stamens. Female flowers with a pale green, globular or flask-shaped, 4-locular ovary, surmounted by a broad peltate sticky orange-yellow ± 4-lobed stigma. Male flowers with 4 stamen-fascicles, each with 7–8 stamens with filaments completely united and anthers sessile, oblong, curved, not septate; ovary-vestige orange, c. 2 mm. in diam.
    Hermaphrodite
    Bisexual flowers like female ones, but with 4 slender stamens, or 4 stamen-fascicles each of 2 stamens.
    Fruits
    Berry up to c. 20–25 mm. in diam., globular, yellow or orange when ripe, 1–3-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds curved, ± cylindric, c. 10 mm. long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Garcinia huillensis Welw. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1957 Buchanan, J. [183], Malawi K000240262 Unknown type material
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8081], Zambia 9059.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7849], Zambia 9062.000
    Robson, N.K.B. [1681], Malawi 6471.000
    Gossweiler, J. [1454], Angola K000240258
    Gossweiler, J. [1456], Angola K000240259
    Gossweiler, J. [1455], Angola K000240260
    Myers, I.G. [10860], Sudan 4941.000
    K000240261 Unknown type material

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 167 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Bamps, P., Robson, N. & Verdcourt, B. (1978). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Guttiferae: 1-34.
    • Bamps, P. (1970). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Guttiferae: 1-74. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Bamps, P. (1970). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Guttiferae: 1-74. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0