1. Family: Clusiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Garcinia L.
      1. Garcinia kingaensis Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

    Habit
    Shrub or large tree 3–15 m. tall, glabrous; branches grooved, flattened or 4-angled when young, eventually cylindric; bark grey or brown, somewhat rough with fine reticulation; slash deep red with very fine drops of yellow latex.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite; blades elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, 6–16 cm. long, 3–6 cm. wide, acute, obtuse or rarely shortly acuminate or apiculate at the apex, cuneate at the base, coriaceous, bluish to sage-green above, paler beneath, the venation prominent on both surfaces; lateral nerves 30–60 pairs, leaving the midrib almost at right-angles; longitudinal glandular canals usually visible beneath; petiole 0.6–1.6 cm. long, channelled above, longitudinally grooved and transversely wrinkled, the ligule prominent.
    Flowers
    Flowers dioecious or ? polygamous, solitary or in fascicles of 2–7 in the axils of the older leaves; pedicels 0.7–1 .5(–2.7) cm. long. Male flowers with 4 spongy fasciclodes united in the centre of the flower, alternating with 4 staminal bundles, each made up of (5–)8–10 stamens with the filaments connate for up to 2/3 of their length. Female flowers with small denticulate fasciclodes alternating with bundles of (2–)3–5 staminodes; ovary globose to ovoid, 2-locular; stigma fleshy, ± 2-lobed.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, pale green, decussate, unequal, oblong to round, 1.5–5 mm. long, and wide, obtuse.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, greenish or creamy white or yellowish with longitudinal translucent glandular lines, ± round, 4–6(–10) mm. long, 5–6 mm. wide.
    Male
    Male flowers with 4 spongy fasciclodes united in the centre of the flower, alternating with 4 staminal bundles, each made up of (5–)8–10 stamens with the filaments connate for up to 2/3 of their length.
    Female
    Female flowers with small denticulate fasciclodes alternating with bundles of (2–)3–5 staminodes; ovary globose to ovoid, 2-locular; stigma fleshy, ± 2-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruits orange-yellow when mature, globose, (1–)2.5–3.7 cm. long, 2.2–3.7 cm. wide, 1.7–2.8 cm. thick.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–2, ovoid, (1–)2.6 cm. long, 2.1 cm. wide, 1.6 cm. thick, flattened on one side, the seed coat dark brown with some pale anastomosing lines.
    Habitat
    Evergreen forest, forest edges and upland grassland; 1200–2300 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Guttiferae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrub to large robust tree, 3–15 m. high (or more?), glabrous.
    Branches
    Branches longitudinally grooved, flattened or quadrangular when young, eventually cylindric.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, coriaceous, petiolate; lamina 6–16 × 3–6 cm., elliptic to lanceolate-elliptic or elliptic-oblong, obtuse to acute or rarely shortly acuminate or apiculate at the apex, cuneate at the base, bluish to sage green above, usually paler below, with prominent venation on both sides, the 30–60 main laterals leaving the midrib almost at right angles, ± straight, occasionally anastomosing, and with the longitudinal glandular canals usually visible below; petiole 6–16 mm. long, channelled above, longitudinally grooved and transversely wrinkled; ligule prominent.
    Flowers
    Flowers dioecious (or polygamous?), single or in fascicles of 2–7 in the axils of the older leaves; pedicels 7–15 (27) mm. long, pale green. Female (and bisexual?) flowers with small denticulate fasciclodes alternating with fascicles of (2) 3–5 staminodes (or stamens?); ovary globose to ovoid, 2-locular, surmounted by a ± 2-lobed fleshy stigma. Male flowers with 4 spongy fasciclodes uniting in the centre of the flower, alternating with 4 fascicles each of 8–10 stamens (rarely less), with filaments connate for up to 2/3 of their length.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, decussate, unequal, oblong to orbicular, obtuse, pale green.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, 4–6 mm. long, c. 1·5–2 times as long as the inner sepals, ± orbicular, cream-white or yellowish, with longitudinal translucent glandular lines.
    Male
    Male flowers with 4 spongy fasciclodes uniting in the centre of the flower, alternating with 4 fascicles each of 8–10 stamens (rarely less), with filaments connate for up to 2/3 of their length.
    Female
    Female (and bisexual?) flowers with small denticulate fasciclodes alternating with fascicles of (2) 3–5 staminodes (or stamens?); ovary globose to ovoid, 2-locular, surmounted by a ± 2-lobed fleshy stigma.
    Fruits
    Berries 1–2·5 cm. in diam., turning orange-yellow when mature, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 1 cm. long, plano-ovoid.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Garcinia kingaensis Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harris, T. [607], Mozambique K000614196
    Harris, T. [666], Mozambique K000614245
    Patel, H. [7238], Mozambique K000545199
    Patel, H. [7241], Mozambique K000545202
    Patel, H. [s.n.], Malawi K000614648
    Patel, H. [8012], Mozambique K000614338
    Timberlake, J. [4908], Mozambique K000545258
    Timberlake, J. [5068], Mozambique K000613448
    Timberlake, J. [5087], Mozambique K000613467
    Timberlake, J. [5169], Mozambique K000613549
    Timberlake, J. [5377], Mozambique K000614372
    Timberlake, J. [5412], Mozambique K000614404
    Timberlake, J. [5451], Mozambique K000614433
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614474
    Mphamba [120], Mozambique K000614326
    Maphamba [48], Mozambique K000614268
    Aug 1, 1935 Burtt Davy [22045] Garcinia mlanjiensis K000240266 Unknown type material
    Robson, N.K.B. [1703A], Malawi Garcinia mlanjiensis 7079.000

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 356 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Bamps, P., Robson, N. & Verdcourt, B. (1978). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Guttiferae: 1-34.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bamps in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 39: 371 (1969)
    • Bamps in Distr. Pl. Afr. 1, map 29 (1969).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 30: 356 (1901).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0