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  1. Family: Clusiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Garcinia L.
      1. Garcinia ovalifolia Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Guttiferae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Shrub or tree to 30 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers white
    Fruits
    Fruit yellow
    Ecology
    In fringing forest in the savannah regions (typical plant)
    Note
    See note below.
    [FTEA]

    Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

    Habit
    Shrub or tree 2.4–25 m. tall; young branches greyish, longitudinally grooved, glabrous; bark yielding yellow latex when cut.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite; blades elliptic, obovate or oblanceolate, 4–15 cm. long, 1–6 cm. wide, obtuse to long-acuminate at the apex, cuneate to subrounded at the base, coriaceous, glabrous; venation prominent on both surfaces with numerous lateral nerves; secretory canals parallel to the midrib but little visible; petiole 0.4–1 cm. long, channelled above, ridged transversely, glabrous, with a ligulate appendage towards the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences fasciculate, axillary, several–many-flowered, inserted on little cushions at the nodes on the old wood; pedicels 1.5–5 mm. long, accrescent, glabrous.
    Flowers
    Male flowers:sepals 4, unequal, ovate to ± round, the 2 outside 1–1.5 mm. long and wide, the 2 inside 2–2.5 mm. long and wide, all glabrous; petals 4, obovate, 3–4 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. wide, glabrous; fasciclodes forming a 4-lobed intrastaminal “ disc ”, alternating with the 4 staminal bundles, which are 2.5–3.5 mm. long of 3–4 stamens joined to each other in their lower 1/3; anthers ovoid. Hermaphrodite flowers resembling the male; stamens 4, free, alternating with the “ disc ” glands; ovary 2-locular; stigma subsessile, 2-lobed.
    Male
    Male flowers:sepals 4, unequal, ovate to ± round, the 2 outside 1–1.5 mm. long and wide, the 2 inside 2–2.5 mm. long and wide, all glabrous; petals 4, obovate, 3–4 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. wide, glabrous; fasciclodes forming a 4-lobed intrastaminal “ disc ”, alternating with the 4 staminal bundles, which are 2.5–3.5 mm. long of 3–4 stamens joined to each other in their lower 1/3; anthers ovoid.
    Hermaphrodite
    Hermaphrodite flowers resembling the male; stamens 4, free, alternating with the “ disc ” glands; ovary 2-locular; stigma subsessile, 2-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruits ellipsoid, 1.5– 2.5 cm. long, 1–2 cm. in diameter, with a smooth surface, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–2, plano-convex, 1.2–1.5 cm. long, 0.6–1 cm. wide.
    Habitat
    ?Streamside forest; 900 m.
    Distribution
    Mali and Guinée to Nigeria, Cameroun, Gabon, Central African Empire, Zaire, Sudan, Ethiopia and Angola U1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Garcinia ovalifolia Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2010 Etuge, M. [5174], Cameroon K000673486
    Jan 1, 2005 Burgt, X.M. van der [719], Cameroon K000023274
    Jan 1, 1997 Letouzey, R. [14009], Cameroon K000105215
    Nov 1, 1974 Satabie, B. [66], Cameroon K000105214
    Aug 2, 1958 Onochie, C.F.A. [40186], Nigeria K000452309
    Jan 1, 1952 Scott Elliot, G.F., Sierra Leone K000240155
    Jan 1, 1952 K000240153
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9067], Nigeria 9064.000
    Keay, R.W.J. [21695], Nigeria K000452302
    Keay, R.W.J. [21134], Nigeria K000452306
    Keay, R.W.J. [20137], Nigeria K000452310
    Keay, R.W.J. [20137], Nigeria K000452311
    Keay, R.W.J. [20138], Nigeria K000452312
    Onochie, C.F.A. [8881], Nigeria 21850.000
    Latilo, M.G. [28717], Nigeria K000452308
    Latilo, M.G. [47150], Nigeria K000452317
    Dalziel, J.M. [114], Nigeria K000452301
    Meikle, R.D. [785], Nigeria 15346.000
    Meikle, R.D. [785], Nigeria K000452307
    Jordan, H.D. [2044], Sierra Leone 15347.000
    Jordan, H.D. [2044], Sierra Leone K000040778
    Small, D. [653], Sierra Leone K000452299
    Savory, H.J. [25270], Nigeria K000452304
    Savory, H.J. [25270], Nigeria K000452305
    Morton, J.K. [1177], Ghana K000040777
    Olurunfemi, J. [55727], Nigeria K000452314
    Lock, J.M. [38], Togo K000040781
    King, H.C. [157], Sierra Leone K000452298
    Barter [807], Nigeria K000240154 Unknown type material
    Zenker, G.A. [347], Cameroon K000240136
    Zenker [4823], Cameroon K000240137
    Jackson, J.A.D. [59734], Nigeria K000452315
    Batten-Poole, W.H. [259], Nigeria K000452313
    Kennedy, J.D. [11871], Nigeria K000452300
    Wilde, J.J.F.E. de [3329], Côte d'Ivoire K000452295
    Wilde, J.J.F.E. de [3543], Côte d'Ivoire K000452296
    Daggash, M. [31408], Nigeria K000452303
    Chevalier, A.J.B. [20483], Guinea K000040779
    Aubréville, A. [1706], Côte d'Ivoire K000452294
    Tutin, C.E.G. [37], Senegal K000040542
    Brunt, M.A. [948], Cameroon K000105216
    Brunt, M.A. [942], Cameroon K000105217
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4838] Xanthochymus ovalifolius K001104033
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4838] Xanthochymus ovalifolius K001104034
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4838] Xanthochymus ovalifolius K001104035
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4838] Xanthochymus ovalifolius K001104036

    Bibliography

    First published in Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 166 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Bamps, P., Robson, N. & Verdcourt, B. (1978). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Guttiferae: 1-34.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Bamps, P. (1970). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Guttiferae: 1-74. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 148, t. 149.
    • Staner in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 13: 129
    • Chev. Bot. 54
    • F.T.A. 1: 166 (1868)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Bamps in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Guttif.: 61 (1970).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 295 (1954).
    • Staner in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 13: 129 (1934).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 166 (1868).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0