1. Family: Clusiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Garcinia L.
      1. Garcinia ovalifolia Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Guttiferae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Shrub or tree to 30 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers white
    Fruits
    Fruit yellow
    Ecology
    In fringing forest in the savannah regions (typical plant)
    Note
    See note below.
    [FTEA]

    Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

    Habit
    Shrub or tree 2.4–25 m. tall; young branches greyish, longitudinally grooved, glabrous; bark yielding yellow latex when cut.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite; blades elliptic, obovate or oblanceolate, 4–15 cm. long, 1–6 cm. wide, obtuse to long-acuminate at the apex, cuneate to subrounded at the base, coriaceous, glabrous; venation prominent on both surfaces with numerous lateral nerves; secretory canals parallel to the midrib but little visible; petiole 0.4–1 cm. long, channelled above, ridged transversely, glabrous, with a ligulate appendage towards the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences fasciculate, axillary, several–many-flowered, inserted on little cushions at the nodes on the old wood; pedicels 1.5–5 mm. long, accrescent, glabrous.
    Flowers
    Male flowers:sepals 4, unequal, ovate to ± round, the 2 outside 1–1.5 mm. long and wide, the 2 inside 2–2.5 mm. long and wide, all glabrous; petals 4, obovate, 3–4 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. wide, glabrous; fasciclodes forming a 4-lobed intrastaminal “ disc ”, alternating with the 4 staminal bundles, which are 2.5–3.5 mm. long of 3–4 stamens joined to each other in their lower 1/3; anthers ovoid. Hermaphrodite flowers resembling the male; stamens 4, free, alternating with the “ disc ” glands; ovary 2-locular; stigma subsessile, 2-lobed.
    Male
    Male flowers:sepals 4, unequal, ovate to ± round, the 2 outside 1–1.5 mm. long and wide, the 2 inside 2–2.5 mm. long and wide, all glabrous; petals 4, obovate, 3–4 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. wide, glabrous; fasciclodes forming a 4-lobed intrastaminal “ disc ”, alternating with the 4 staminal bundles, which are 2.5–3.5 mm. long of 3–4 stamens joined to each other in their lower 1/3; anthers ovoid.
    Hermaphrodite
    Hermaphrodite flowers resembling the male; stamens 4, free, alternating with the “ disc ” glands; ovary 2-locular; stigma subsessile, 2-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruits ellipsoid, 1.5– 2.5 cm. long, 1–2 cm. in diameter, with a smooth surface, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–2, plano-convex, 1.2–1.5 cm. long, 0.6–1 cm. wide.
    Habitat
    ?Streamside forest; 900 m.
    Distribution
    Mali and Guinée to Nigeria, Cameroun, Gabon, Central African Empire, Zaire, Sudan, Ethiopia and Angola U1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Garcinia ovalifolia Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2010 Etuge, M. [5174], Cameroon K000673486
    Jan 1, 2005 Burgt, X.M. van der [719], Cameroon K000023274
    Jan 1, 1997 Letouzey, R. [14009], Cameroon K000105215
    Nov 1, 1974 Satabie, B. [66], Cameroon K000105214
    Aug 2, 1958 Onochie, C.F.A. [40186], Nigeria K000452309
    Jan 1, 1952 Scott Elliot, G.F., Sierra Leone K000240155
    Jan 1, 1952 K000240153
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9067], Nigeria 9064.000
    Keay, R.W.J. [21695], Nigeria K000452302
    Keay, R.W.J. [21134], Nigeria K000452306
    Keay, R.W.J. [20137], Nigeria K000452310
    Keay, R.W.J. [20137], Nigeria K000452311
    Keay, R.W.J. [20138], Nigeria K000452312
    Onochie, C.F.A. [8881], Nigeria 21850.000
    Latilo, M.G. [28717], Nigeria K000452308
    Latilo, M.G. [47150], Nigeria K000452317
    Dalziel, J.M. [114], Nigeria K000452301
    Meikle, R.D. [785], Nigeria 15346.000
    Meikle, R.D. [785], Nigeria K000452307
    Jordan, H.D. [2044], Sierra Leone 15347.000
    Jordan, H.D. [2044], Sierra Leone K000040778
    Small, D. [653], Sierra Leone K000452299
    Savory, H.J. [25270], Nigeria K000452304
    Savory, H.J. [25270], Nigeria K000452305
    Morton, J.K. [1177], Ghana K000040777
    Olurunfemi, J. [55727], Nigeria K000452314
    Lock, J.M. [38], Togo K000040781
    King, H.C. [157], Sierra Leone K000452298
    Barter [807], Nigeria K000240154 Unknown type material
    Zenker, G.A. [347], Cameroon K000240136
    Zenker [4823], Cameroon K000240137
    Jackson, J.A.D. [59734], Nigeria K000452315
    Batten-Poole, W.H. [259], Nigeria K000452313
    Kennedy, J.D. [11871], Nigeria K000452300
    Wilde, J.J.F.E. de [3329], Côte d'Ivoire K000452295
    Wilde, J.J.F.E. de [3543], Côte d'Ivoire K000452296
    Daggash, M. [31408], Nigeria K000452303
    Chevalier, A.J.B. [20483], Guinea K000040779
    Aubréville, A. [1706], Côte d'Ivoire K000452294
    Tutin, C.E.G. [37], Senegal K000040542
    Brunt, M.A. [948], Cameroon K000105216
    Brunt, M.A. [942], Cameroon K000105217
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4838] Xanthochymus ovalifolius K001104033
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4838] Xanthochymus ovalifolius K001104034
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4838] Xanthochymus ovalifolius K001104035
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4838] Xanthochymus ovalifolius K001104036

    First published in Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 166 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Bamps, P., Robson, N. & Verdcourt, B. (1978). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Guttiferae: 1-34.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Bamps, P. (1970). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Guttiferae: 1-74. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 148, t. 149.
    • Staner in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 13: 129
    • Chev. Bot. 54
    • F.T.A. 1: 166 (1868)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bamps in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Guttif.: 61 (1970).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 295 (1954).
    • Staner in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 13: 129 (1934).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 166 (1868).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0