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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FWTA]

Guttiferae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Habit
Shrub or tree to 30 ft. high
Flowers
Flowers white
Fruits
Fruit yellow
Ecology
In fringing forest in the savannah regions (typical plant)
Note
See note below.

[FTEA]

Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

Habit
Shrub or tree 2.4–25 m. tall; young branches greyish, longitudinally grooved, glabrous; bark yielding yellow latex when cut.
Leaves
Leaves opposite; blades elliptic, obovate or oblanceolate, 4–15 cm. long, 1–6 cm. wide, obtuse to long-acuminate at the apex, cuneate to subrounded at the base, coriaceous, glabrous; venation prominent on both surfaces with numerous lateral nerves; secretory canals parallel to the midrib but little visible; petiole 0.4–1 cm. long, channelled above, ridged transversely, glabrous, with a ligulate appendage towards the base.
Inflorescences
Inflorescences fasciculate, axillary, several–many-flowered, inserted on little cushions at the nodes on the old wood; pedicels 1.5–5 mm. long, accrescent, glabrous.
Flowers
Male flowers:sepals 4, unequal, ovate to ± round, the 2 outside 1–1.5 mm. long and wide, the 2 inside 2–2.5 mm. long and wide, all glabrous; petals 4, obovate, 3–4 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. wide, glabrous; fasciclodes forming a 4-lobed intrastaminal “ disc ”, alternating with the 4 staminal bundles, which are 2.5–3.5 mm. long of 3–4 stamens joined to each other in their lower 1/3; anthers ovoid. Hermaphrodite flowers resembling the male; stamens 4, free, alternating with the “ disc ” glands; ovary 2-locular; stigma subsessile, 2-lobed.
Male
Male flowers:sepals 4, unequal, ovate to ± round, the 2 outside 1–1.5 mm. long and wide, the 2 inside 2–2.5 mm. long and wide, all glabrous; petals 4, obovate, 3–4 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. wide, glabrous; fasciclodes forming a 4-lobed intrastaminal “ disc ”, alternating with the 4 staminal bundles, which are 2.5–3.5 mm. long of 3–4 stamens joined to each other in their lower 1/3; anthers ovoid.
Hermaphrodite
Hermaphrodite flowers resembling the male; stamens 4, free, alternating with the “ disc ” glands; ovary 2-locular; stigma subsessile, 2-lobed.
Fruits
Fruits ellipsoid, 1.5– 2.5 cm. long, 1–2 cm. in diameter, with a smooth surface, glabrous.
Seeds
Seeds 1–2, plano-convex, 1.2–1.5 cm. long, 0.6–1 cm. wide.
Habitat
?Streamside forest; 900 m.
Distribution
Mali and Guinée to Nigeria, Cameroun, Gabon, Central African Empire, Zaire, Sudan, Ethiopia and Angola U1

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

Garcinia ovalifolia Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 2010 Etuge, M. [5174], Cameroon K000673486
Jan 1, 2005 Burgt, X.M. van der [719], Cameroon K000023274
Jan 1, 1997 Letouzey, R. [14009], Cameroon K000105215
Nov 1, 1974 Satabie, B. [66], Cameroon K000105214
Aug 2, 1958 Onochie, C.F.A. [40186], Nigeria K000452309
Jan 1, 1952 Scott Elliot, G.F., Sierra Leone K000240155
Jan 1, 1952 K000240153
Brenan, J.P.M. [9067], Nigeria 9064.000
Keay, R.W.J. [21695], Nigeria K000452302
Keay, R.W.J. [21134], Nigeria K000452306
Keay, R.W.J. [20137], Nigeria K000452310
Keay, R.W.J. [20137], Nigeria K000452311
Keay, R.W.J. [20138], Nigeria K000452312
Onochie, C.F.A. [8881], Nigeria 21850.000
Latilo, M.G. [28717], Nigeria K000452308
Latilo, M.G. [47150], Nigeria K000452317
Dalziel, J.M. [114], Nigeria K000452301
Meikle, R.D. [785], Nigeria 15346.000
Meikle, R.D. [785], Nigeria K000452307
Jordan, H.D. [2044], Sierra Leone 15347.000
Jordan, H.D. [2044], Sierra Leone K000040778
Small, D. [653], Sierra Leone K000452299
Savory, H.J. [25270], Nigeria K000452304
Savory, H.J. [25270], Nigeria K000452305
Morton, J.K. [1177], Ghana K000040777
Olurunfemi, J. [55727], Nigeria K000452314
Lock, J.M. [38], Togo K000040781
King, H.C. [157], Sierra Leone K000452298
Barter [807], Nigeria K000240154 Unknown type material
Zenker, G.A. [347], Cameroon K000240136
Zenker [4823], Cameroon K000240137
Jackson, J.A.D. [59734], Nigeria K000452315
Batten-Poole, W.H. [259], Nigeria K000452313
Kennedy, J.D. [11871], Nigeria K000452300
Wilde, J.J.F.E. de [3329], Côte d'Ivoire K000452295
Wilde, J.J.F.E. de [3543], Côte d'Ivoire K000452296
Daggash, M. [31408], Nigeria K000452303
Chevalier, A.J.B. [20483], Guinea K000040779
Aubréville, A. [1706], Côte d'Ivoire K000452294
Tutin, C.E.G. [37], Senegal K000040542
Brunt, M.A. [948], Cameroon K000105216
Brunt, M.A. [942], Cameroon K000105217
s.coll. [Cat. no. 4838] Xanthochymus ovalifolius K001104033
s.coll. [Cat. no. 4838] Xanthochymus ovalifolius K001104034
s.coll. [Cat. no. 4838] Xanthochymus ovalifolius K001104035
s.coll. [Cat. no. 4838] Xanthochymus ovalifolius K001104036

First published in Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 166 (1868)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Bamps, P., Robson, N. & Verdcourt, B. (1978). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Guttiferae: 1-34.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Bamps, P. (1970). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Guttiferae: 1-74. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 148, t. 149.
  • Staner in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 13: 129
  • Chev. Bot. 54
  • F.T.A. 1: 166 (1868)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bamps in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Guttif.: 61 (1970).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 295 (1954).
  • Staner in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 13: 129 (1934).
  • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 166 (1868).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0