1. Family: Clusiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Garcinia L.
      1. Garcinia pachyclada N.Robson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

    Habit
    Shrubby tree 2.7–5 m. high, with the habit of Uapaca kirkiana, glabrous; branches thick, with a rough greyish and corky bark, yellowish and transversely plicate on the young shoots; latex yellow, sticky .
    Leaves
    Leaves in whorls of 3, subsessile or shortly petiolate; blades obovate to elliptic, 6–27.5 cm. long, 3.5–11 cm. wide, rounded to obtuse and often mucronulate at the apex, rounded to cuneate at the base, bright green and concolorous, the margins undulate and incrassate; venation prominent and reticulate on both surfaces; secretory canals not visible; petiole 2–4 mm. long, channelled above, transversely wrinkled; ligule prominent.
    Flowers
    Flowers unisexual, clustered on cushions in axils or above leaf-scars on the mostly leafless parts of branchlets; pedicels 5–22 mm. long. Male flowers 15–20 mm. in diameter; sepals 5, unequal, the 2 outer suborbicular, cucullate, 3 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, the 3 inner ovate to suborbicular, 7–10 mm. long, 6–8 mm. wide; petals 5, white or pale cream-yellow with translucent and reddish longitudinal glandular lines, similar to the inner sepals; stamens numerous, free, inserted in a fleshy cushion; filaments 2 mm. long; anthers ovoid; ovary vestige absent. Female flowers with fewer free staminodes inserted in a fleshy cushion; ovary globose or broadly ovoid, 2–3-locular; stigma sessile, fleshy, 2–3-lobed, Berry ovoid-globose, smooth, 1–3-seeded.
    Male
    Male flowers 15–20 mm. in diameter; sepals 5, unequal, the 2 outer suborbicular, cucullate, 3 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, the 3 inner ovate to suborbicular, 7–10 mm. long, 6–8 mm. wide; petals 5, white or pale cream-yellow with translucent and reddish longitudinal glandular lines, similar to the inner sepals; stamens numerous, free, inserted in a fleshy cushion; filaments 2 mm. long; anthers ovoid; ovary vestige absent.
    Female
    Female flowers with fewer free staminodes inserted in a fleshy cushion; ovary globose or broadly ovoid, 2–3-locular; stigma sessile, fleshy, 2–3-lobed, Berry ovoid-globose, smooth, 1–3-seeded.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland and shrubby grassland; up to 1500 m.
    Distribution
    T4
    [FZ]

    Guttiferae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Glabrous shrubby tree 2·7–4·5 m. high, with the habit of Uapaca kirkiana; branches thick, with a rough greyish bark, transversely plicate on the young shoots.
    Leaves
    Leaves in whorls of 3, coriaceous, shortly petiolate; lamina 6–17 × 3·5–7·8 cm., lanceolate or oblanceolate to oblong-elliptic, emarginate or rounded to acute or apiculate at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, with margin incrassate, shallowly crenate and strongly undulate, and colour and venation as in G.livingstonei, but with no visible secretory system; petiole 2–4 mm. long, channelled above, transversely wrinkled; ligule prominent.
    Male
    Male flowers 15–20 mm. in diam., single or in few-flowered fascicles, axillary, on the old wood; pedicels short (up to 9 mm. long), brown.
    Calyx
    Sepals usually 4, reddish-brown, the outer pair ± orbicular, cucullate, equal, the inner oblong to ovate, obtuse or rounded, unequal and transitional to the corolla.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, (6) 7–10 mm. long, imbricate, orbicular or broadly obovate, white or pale cream-yellow, with translucent and reddish longitudinal glandular lines.
    Stamens
    Stamens numerous (c. 100–120), apparently free, inserted in a fleshy cushion formed by the united fasciclodes.
    Flowers
    Female flowers with fewer free staminodes inserted in a lobed fleshy cushion. Male flowers 15–20 mm. in diam., single or in few-flowered fascicles, axillary, on the old wood; pedicels short (up to 9 mm. long), brown.
    Female
    Female flowers with fewer free staminodes inserted in a lobed fleshy cushion.
    Ovary
    Ovary 3–4 mm. long, globose or broadly ovoid, 2–3-locular, with a fleshy 2–3-lobed stigma. Ovary vestige absent.
    Fruits
    Berry (immature) up to 1·3 cm. long, ovoid-globose, smooth, 1–3-seeded.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Garcinia pachyclada N.Robson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1958 Michelmore, A. P. G. [511] K000240269 holotype

    First published in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 32: 170 (1958)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Bamps, P., Robson, N. & Verdcourt, B. (1978). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Guttiferae: 1-34.
    • Bamps, P. (1970). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Guttiferae: 1-74. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bamps in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Guttif.: 54 (1970).
    • Bamps in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 39: 361 (1969)
    • Bamps in Distr. Pl. Afr. 1, map 23 (1969)
    • N. Robson in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 401 (1961).
    • N. Robson in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 32: 170 (1958)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0