1. Family: Clusiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Garcinia L.
      1. Garcinia smeathmanii (Planch. & Triana) Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

    Habit
    Tree (2.4.)4.5–21(–30) m. tall, the branches brownish grey, ridged longitudinally in the young state, glabrous; bark grey or yellowish to reddish brown, smooth with a yellow or red exudate.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite; blade oblong or ovate to elliptic or obovate, 8–35 cm. long, 2.5–15 cm. wide, obtuse, acuminate or sometimes rounded at the apex, cuneate to rounded or subcordate at the base, coriaceous, glabrous; venation prominent on both surfaces, with 15–20(–25) pairs of lateral nerves; secretory canals ± parallel to the midrib, scarcely visible; petiole (0.8–)l–3 cm. long, 2–4 mm. thick, channelled and almost winged above, with a ligule at the base, transversely grooved, glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers in 5–30-fiowered axillary fascicles inserted on little cushions mostly at the nodes on the old wood; pedicels crimson (l–)l.5–4.5 cm. long, glabrous. Male flowers:sepals crimson, 4, unequal, ovate to ± round, glabrous, the 2 outer 2–6 mm. long and wide, the 2 inner 3–7 mm. long and wide; petals creamy white, often tinged pink and with radiating translucent glandular lines, 4, obovate, 5–10 mm. long, 2–6 mm. wide, fleshy, glabrous; fasciclodes forming a 4 - lobed “ disc ” alternating with the 4 bundles of stamens, which are formed of 6–10 stamens joined for 2/3 of their length and 3–4 mm. long with ovoid anthers. Female flowers similar to the male but staminal bundles reduced, of 1–4 stamens or staminodes alternating with small “ discal glands ”; ovary 2(–4)-locular, with a 2(–4)-lobed sessile stigma.
    Male
    Male flowers:sepals crimson, 4, unequal, ovate to ± round, glabrous, the 2 outer 2–6 mm. long and wide, the 2 inner 3–7 mm. long and wide; petals creamy white, often tinged pink and with radiating translucent glandular lines, 4, obovate, 5–10 mm. long, 2–6 mm. wide, fleshy, glabrous; fasciclodes forming a 4 - lobed “ disc ” alternating with the 4 bundles of stamens, which are formed of 6–10 stamens joined for 2/3 of their length and 3–4 mm. long with ovoid anthers.
    Female
    Female flowers similar to the male but staminal bundles reduced, of 1–4 stamens or staminodes alternating with small “ discal glands ”; ovary 2(–4)-locular, with a 2(–4)-lobed sessile stigma.
    Fruits
    Fruits purplish green turning yellow, subglobose or ± 2(–4)-lobed, (l–)2–2.5 cm. in diameter, smooth, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds l–2(–4), subglobose or plano-convex, 1–1.7 cm. long and 1–1.5 cm. wide.
    Habitat
    Riverine forest and bushland; 1000–1600 m.
    Distribution
    Guinée to Cameroun and Fernando Po, Central African Empire, Gabon, Zaire, Malawi, Zambia and Angola T1 T4 T7
    [FZ]

    Guttiferae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Much-branched glabrous evergreen tree or shrub (2·4) 4·5–13·5 m. high in our area (up to 21 m. in W. Africa), erect or ± trailing; branches yellowish-green, transversely wrinkled and longitudinally grooved, ± flattened when young, eventually cylindric.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, coriaceous, petiolate; lamina 12–23 (30) × 4–9·5 (12) cm., oblong or ovate-oblong, obtuse to rounded-apiculate at the apex, broadly cuneate to slightly cordate at the base (rarely more narrowly cuneate), bluish green above, paler below, with prominent venation on both sides, the 16–25 main laterals curving upwards towards the leaf margin, interspersed with shorter secondary laterals and tertiary reticulation, but with no visible secretory system; petiole 8 — c. 20 mm. long, channelled above, longitudinally grooved; ligule prominent.
    Flowers
    Flowers dioecious (? or polygamous), in fascicles of 5–30 in the axils of the older leaves and on old wood; pedicels (10) 15–45 mm. long, crimson. Male flowers with 4 spongy fasciclodes uniting in the centre of the flower, alternating with 4 fascicles each of 6–10 or more stamens (rarely less), with filaments connate for up to 2/3 their length. Female (and bisexual?) flowers with small denticulate fasciclodes alternating with fascicles of 1–4 staminodes (or stamens ?); ovary globose to ovoid, 2 (3–4)-locular, surmounted by a 2 (3–4)-lobed fleshy stigma.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, decussate, unequal, ovate to orbicular, obtuse, crimson.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, 4–8 (10) mm. long, 1–1·5 times as long as the inner sepals, ± carnose, obovate, cream-white, sometimes pink-tinged, with longitudinal translucent glandular lines.
    Male
    Male flowers with 4 spongy fasciclodes uniting in the centre of the flower, alternating with 4 fascicles each of 6–10 or more stamens (rarely less), with filaments connate for up to 2/3 their length.
    Female
    Female (and bisexual?) flowers with small denticulate fasciclodes alternating with fascicles of 1–4 staminodes (or stamens ?); ovary globose to ovoid, 2 (3–4)-locular, surmounted by a 2 (3–4)-lobed fleshy stigma.
    Fruits
    Berry 1–2·5 cm. in diam., globose (or 2–4-lobed, at least when dry), purplish-green turning yellow, 1–4-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 1 cm. long, plano-ovoid.
    [FWTA]

    Guttiferae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Forest tree, to 70 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers cream, with pink pedicels.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Garcinia smeathmanii (Planch. & Triana) Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2010 Cheek, M. [11660], Cameroon K000673488
    Oct 1, 2010 Cheek, M. [11660], Cameroon K000683686
    Oct 1, 2010 Etuge, M. [5272], Cameroon K000673489
    Jan 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [13416], Cameroon K000580366
    Oct 1, 2008 Pollard, B.J. [1395], Cameroon K000580048
    Oct 1, 2008 Nana felicite [151], Cameroon K000580046
    Sep 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13622], Cameroon K000008164
    Sep 1, 2008 Onana, J.-M. [3603], Cameroon K000008178
    Sep 1, 2008 Onana, J.-M. [3633], Cameroon K000008180
    Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [1852], Cameroon K000008137
    Mar 1, 2005 Tchiengue, B. [1917], Cameroon K000008185
    Nov 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [10447], Cameroon K000197852
    Nov 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [10734], Cameroon K000197853
    Nov 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [10487], Cameroon K000197856
    Nov 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [1927], Cameroon K000197854
    Nov 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [1991], Cameroon K000197858
    Nov 1, 2003 Tadjouteu, F. [419], Cameroon K000197857
    Jul 1, 2002 Letouzey, R. [13419], Cameroon K000105266
    Jul 1, 2002 Cable, S. [3390], Cameroon K000026966
    Jul 1, 2002 Cable, S. [2506], Cameroon K000026969
    Jul 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1657], Cameroon K000026968
    Jul 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1688], Cameroon K000026970
    Jul 1, 2002 Ryan, P. [290], Cameroon K000026962
    Jul 1, 2002 Ryan, P. [401], Cameroon K000026967
    Jul 1, 2002 Onana, J.-M. [952], Cameroon K000026960
    Jul 1, 2002 Onana, J.-M. [572], Cameroon K000026963
    Jul 1, 2002 Ghogue, J.-P. [55], Cameroon K000026964
    Jul 1, 2002 Gosline, G. [245], Cameroon K000026961
    Jul 1, 2002 Mackinder, B. [280], Cameroon K000026959
    Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [3357], Cameroon K000337603
    Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4519], Cameroon K000337606
    Dec 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [65], Cameroon K000337605
    May 1, 2000 Fokom, I. [45], Cameroon K000337604
    Jul 1, 1997 Letouzey, R. [13230], Cameroon K000105225
    Apr 1, 1997 Etuge, M. [3332], Cameroon K000337602
    May 1, 1994 Thomas, D.W. [5480], Cameroon K000105230
    May 1, 1994 Thomas, D.W. [5494], Cameroon K000105231
    Jan 1, 1994 Thomas, D.W. [9921], Cameroon K000086027
    Jan 1, 1994 Letouzey, R. [15024], Cameroon K000105224
    Jan 1, 1993 Thomas, D.W. [9531], Cameroon K000381359
    Jan 1, 1993 Watts, J. [295], Cameroon K000381337
    Jan 1, 1993 Watts, J. [272], Cameroon K000381338
    Jan 1, 1993 Watts, J. [124], Cameroon K000381348
    Jan 1, 1993 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [252], Cameroon K000381360
    Jan 1, 1993 Tekwe, C. [227], Cameroon K000381362
    Jul 1, 1975 Stolz, A. [1589], Tanzania K000240277
    Jul 1, 1975 Stolz, A. [1589] K000240281
    Jul 1, 1975 Stolz, A. [1589] K000240279
    Jul 1, 1975 Stolz, A. [1589], Tanzania K000240280
    Stolz, A. [1589] K000240278
    Thomas, D.W. [5057], Cameroon K000105232
    Thomas, D.W. [3308], Cameroon K000105233
    Thomas, D.W. [3307], Cameroon K000105234
    Letouzey, R. [14561], Cameroon K000105219
    Pierlot [2528], Congo, DRC K000240127 Unknown type material
    Barten. [1839] K000240132
    Harris, T. [652], Mozambique K000614232
    Patel, H. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614357
    Timberlake, J. [5439], Mozambique K000614423
    Mildbraed, G. W. J. [10685], Cameroon K000105222
    Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30370], Cameroon K000105221
    Tiku, D.A. [FHI 22158], Cameroon K000105227
    Garcinia mbulwe K000240098
    Jan 1, 1934 Barter [1830] Garcinia polyantha K000240150 Unknown type material
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9040], Nigeria Garcinia polyantha 15219.000
    Keay, R.W.J. [28358], Cameroon Garcinia polyantha 15221.000
    Mann, G. [583], Bioko Garcinia polyantha K000240148
    Mann, G. [583], Bioko Garcinia polyantha K000240149 Unknown type material
    Mann [488], Nigeria Garcinia polyantha K000240151 Unknown type material
    Mann [488], Nigeria Garcinia polyantha K000240152
    Garcinia polyantha K000240128
    Garcinia polyantha K000240129 Unknown type material
    Garcinia polyantha K000240134
    Zenker, G.A. [3591], Cameroon Garcinia polyantha K000240133
    Zenker, G.A. [3434], Cameroon Garcinia polyantha K000240135
    Klaine, R.P. [3356], Gabon Garcinia polyantha K000240131
    Klaine [1292], Gabon Garcinia polyantha K000240130

    First published in Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 168 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Bamps, P., Robson, N. & Verdcourt, B. (1978). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Guttiferae: 1-34.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Bamps, P. (1970). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Guttiferae: 1-74. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Bamps, P., Robson, N. & Verdcourt, B. (1978). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Guttiferae: 1-34.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bamps, Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Guttif.: 60 (1970).
    • Robson in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 398, t. 78 (1961).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 295 (1954).
    • Vesque in DC., Monogr. Phan. 8: 334 (1893).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 168 (1868).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0