1. Family: Clusiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Garcinia L.
      1. Garcinia volkensii Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Guttiferae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Much-branched glabrous evergreen tree or shrub, (2) 4–20 m. high; branches often forming a wide angle with the stem, stiff, grooved or winged, usually ± flattened at first, eventually ± quadrangular or cylindric (triangular when leaves are whorled); bark grey-brown.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite (rarely in whorls of 3), ± coriaceous, petiolate; lamina (2) 4–11 × (1) 1·5–6 cm., very variable in size, shape and texture, lanceolate or oblanceolate to broadly ovate or obovate, acute to rounded-apiculate at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, dark bluish- or yellowish-green above, paler below, flat or ± bullate, with main lateral veins prominent on both sides, tertiary venation usually ± prominent above, margins sometimes incrassate, and with branched translucent glandular canals visible in the young leaves at least, and longitudinal opaque canals visible below; petiole 3–18 mm. long and grooved above, transversely wrinkled; ligule prominent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, cymose, loosely branched or;: condensed; branches quadrangular or ± flattened; peduncle up to 4 cm. or absent; bracts scale-like, carinate.
    Flowers
    Flowers dioecious, numerous to single, pedicellate, rarely almost sessile, globose or campanulate. Male flowers with 5 spongy fasciclodes uniting in the centre of the flower, alternating with 5 fascicles each of 5–9 stamens with cream filaments united for most of their length and bearing brown or red anthers. Female flowers with small fasciclodes alternating with staminode-fascicles; ovary 2–4-locular, pale green or yellowish; stigma 5-lobed, peltate.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, ± unequal, coriaceous, carinate, orbicular to triangular-ovate, with the margin often ± papillose.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, 4–9 mm. long, c. 4–5 times as long as the sepals, ± carnose, orbicular to broadly obovate, cream to greenish-white, sometimes tinged with pink, with yellowish glandular canals radiating from the base.
    Male
    Male flowers with 5 spongy fasciclodes uniting in the centre of the flower, alternating with 5 fascicles each of 5–9 stamens with cream filaments united for most of their length and bearing brown or red anthers.
    Female
    Female flowers with small fasciclodes alternating with staminode-fascicles; ovary 2–4-locular, pale green or yellowish; stigma 5-lobed, peltate.
    Fruits
    Berry globose, ovoid, or 2–4 lobed, 1–3 cm. in diam., dark green turning yellow, 1–4-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, 1–2 (3) cm. long.
    [FTEA]

    Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

    Habit
    Much-branched glabrous evergreen tree or shrub (2–)4–20 m. tall; branches stiff, grooved or ± winged, flattened, ± 3–4-angled or rounded; bark grey-brown, smooth, yielding a milky juice or yellow latex when cut.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or rarely in whorls of 3–4; blades very variable, lanceolate or oblanceolate to broadly ovate or obovate, (1.2–)4–20 cm. long, (0.9–)1.5–8 cm. wide, rarely exceeding 11 × 4.5 cm., acute to rounded at the apex but apiculate, cuneate to rounded at the base, mostly dark green above and yellowish or pale green beneath, mostly distinctly coriaceous, the margin often thickened; venation mostly prominent on both faces when dry, the surface often rugulose, with translucent and opaque canals usually visible; petiole 0.3–1.8 cm. long, with prominent ligule 2–4 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers dioecious, in terminal lax ± condensed 1–many-flowered cymose inflorescences; peduncle 0–4 cm. long; bracts scale-like, keeled; pedicels 0–2 mm. long. Male flowers with 5 yellow spongy honeycombed fasciclodes uniting to form a star in the centre of the flower, alternating with 5 greenish cream staminal-bundles, the filaments joined for most of their length, each bundle 3.5 mm. long, 0.7 mm. wide, with 5–9 red, brown or mustard-coloured anthers. Female flowers with small fasciclodes alternating with sterile staminal-bundles; ovary green or yellowish, 2–4-locular; stigma white, peltate, 5-lobed.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, reddish, ± unequal, rounded to triangular-ovate, 1–2.5 mm. long and wide, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, cream to greenish white, sometimes tinged with pink, with yellowish linear glands radiating from the base, fleshy, round to broadly obovate, 4–9 mm. long, 3.5–7 mm. wide, glabrous.
    Male
    Male flowers with 5 yellow spongy honeycombed fasciclodes uniting to form a star in the centre of the flower, alternating with 5 greenish cream staminal-bundles, the filaments joined for most of their length, each bundle 3.5 mm. long, 0.7 mm. wide, with 5–9 red, brown or mustard-coloured anthers.
    Female
    Female flowers with small fasciclodes alternating with sterile staminal-bundles; ovary green or yellowish, 2–4-locular; stigma white, peltate, 5-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit green turning yellow, reddish brown or orange, globose, ovoid or 2–4-lobed, l–3(–5) cm. in diameter, smooth and glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds red, 1–4, ovoid, l–2.2(–4.5) cm. long, 0.7–2(–3) cm. wide and 0.6–1.4 cm. thick, often much compressed.
    Habitat
    Evergreen forest; (30–)960–2400 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Garcinia volkensii Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2010 Bingham, M.G. [13177], Zambia K000546026
    Drummond, R.B. [1567], Tanzania 15226.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2587], Tanzania 21853.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2802], Tanzania 21854.000
    Polhill, R. [4652], Tanzania 47614.000
    Harris, T. [10], Mozambique K000545015
    Patel, H. [7213], Mozambique K000545174

    First published in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 275 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Bamps, P., Robson, N. & Verdcourt, B. (1978). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Guttiferae: 1-34.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bamps in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 40: 281 (1970).
    • Bamps in Distrib. Pl. Afr. 2, map 30 (1970)
    • Bamps in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Guttif.: 55 (1970)
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 255 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 233, fig. 45 (1961).
    • Robson in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 397 (1961).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 243 (1949).
    • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 275 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0