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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Sri Lanka.

[FZ]

Flacourtiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees, unarmed or spiny.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, simple, entire, denticulate or crenate, exstipulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers dioecious. Male flowers fasciculate or in short racemes; calyx (3) 4–7-lobed almost to the base, lobes valvate or almost so, variously pubescent or tomentose; petals 0; stamens 12–?, inserted on a sub-fleshy receptacle and alternating with minute, often pubescent glands. Female flowers often solitary in the axils or in fascicles of 2–4; calyx 4–8-lobed almost to the base, persistent and sometimes accrescent in fruit, sometimes bordered with stalked glands; petals 0; disk undulate or lobed or subentire; ovary sessile on the disk, 1–2-locular or occasionally imperfectly 2–8-locular with up to 8 placentas; each placenta with 1–6 ovules; styles 2–8, divergent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit fleshy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds few or occasionally up to about 12, glabrous or hairy.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees, usually dioecious, often with simple or branched spines
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire to crenate or dentate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers solitary or in short racemes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (3–)4–6(–7), subimbricate to practically valvate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals lacking
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers: ovary surrounded at the base by a cupular or annular disk, 1-celled or incompletely 2–4(–8)-celled; styles usually as many as the cells of the ovary Male flowers: stamens 10–50(–80), with small disk-glands between them
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit fleshy, few-seeded.
Distribution
Some 19 species, 18 in Africa and one in Sri Lanka.

[FTEA]

Flacourtiaceae, H. Sleumer (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees, unarmed, or often with simple or compound spines on trunk and branches, and simple axillary spines on branchlets, dioecious or andromonoecious, i.e. the ♂ plant bearing occasionally a few bisexual flowers and fruits
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, sometimes fascicled on much reduced lateral shoots, generally persistent, rarely deciduous, entire, denticulate or crenate, exstipulate, petiolate, with 1 or 2 basal or suprabasal and a few upper spreading pairs of nerves, with fine pellucid points visible against strong light in a number of species
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish to yellowish, rarely white, solitary or in short racemes, these generally reduced to rather few-flowered fascicles; pedicels with small basal bracts Female flowers: calyx-lobes as many as (rarely –12) and similar to those of the ♂, often slightly larger, persistent and ± recurved in fruiting time. Staminodes rarely, stamens very rarely present. Ovary surrounded at the base by a cupular or annular disk (lobed according to the number of the calyx-lobes), unilocular or incompletely 2–4(–8, rarely more)-locular; placentas 2–4(–8, rarely more), each with 1 or 2(–6) ovules; styles 2–8(–20, rarely –40), divergent, channelled, stigmata ± lobed and papillose Male flowers: stamens 10–50(–80), inserted on a rather fleshy receptacle, with several irregularly arranged small disk-glands between; filaments filiform; anthers dorsifixed. Rudiment of ovary absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes (3–)4–6(–7, very rarely –9), free almost to the base, subimbricate to practically valvate, variously pubescent on both faces, sometimes set with sessile or stipitate marginal glands, sometimes accrescent in later stages
sex Male
Male flowers: stamens 10–50(–80), inserted on a rather fleshy receptacle, with several irregularly arranged small disk-glands between; filaments filiform; anthers dorsifixed. Rudiment of ovary absent
sex Female
Female flowers: calyx-lobes as many as (rarely –12) and similar to those of the ♂, often slightly larger, persistent and ± recurved in fruiting time. Staminodes rarely, stamens very rarely present. Ovary surrounded at the base by a cupular or annular disk (lobed according to the number of the calyx-lobes), unilocular or incompletely 2–4(–8, rarely more)-locular; placentas 2–4(–8, rarely more), each with 1 or 2(–6) ovules; styles 2–8(–20, rarely –40), divergent, channelled, stigmata ± lobed and papillose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a fleshy berry
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds few, or occasionally up to 12, ellipsoid, rather flattish, embedded in a pulp; testa coriaceous, glabrous, hairy, or sometimes woolly.

[KBu]

Williams EV. 2017. Dovyalis keniensis (Salicaceae), a new species from the coastal forests of Kenya. Kew Bulletin 72:51. DOI 10.1007/S12225-017-9723-4

Note
Taxon
Table 1. Comparison of selected characters between Dovyalis keniensis, D. mollis and D. hispidula.
Character D. keniensis D. mollis D. hispidula
Distribution and altitude Kenya, 5 - 290 m Angola and DRC, 50 - 1,300 m Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, 25 - 850 m
Habitat Coastal forest Forest and mixed thicket Riverine thickets and Brachystegia woodland
Spines length (cm) up to 5 up to 2.5 up to 4
Leaf apex shape attenuate shortly acuminate obtuse, rounded or retuse
Leaf size (cm) 1.5 - 6.6 x 1 - 2.5 6 - 11 x 2.4 - 4.5 0.8 - 3.5 x 0.6 - 2.3
Petioles length (mm) 1-5 3-4 3-8
Male flower pedicel length (mm) 4-7 3-5 2- 3(- 6)
Male flower hairs yellow tomentose yellow tomentose white hispid hairs
Male flower tepal length (mm) 1.5 - 2 3 2
Female flowers hairs yellow tomentose yellow tomentose glabrescent
Ovary hairs yellow tomentose yellow? tomentose sparsely hispid to glabrous
Style number 2, occasionally 3 3-4 2-3
Fruit velvety hairy laxly hairy glabrous

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Hawaii, New Caledonia, Puerto Rico, St.Helena

Dovyalis E.Mey. ex Arn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Milne-Redhead, E. [9124], Tanzania 38463.000
Dawkins, H.C. [586], Uganda 16465.000
Harris, D.J. [1400], Central African Republic 63740.000
Letouzey, R. [15029], Cameroon K000106140
64652.000

First published in J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 251 (1841)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Killick, D.J.B. (1976). Flacourtiaceae (including Samydaceae) Flora of Southern Africa 22: 53-92. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Gilg in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 40: 504 (1908).
  • in Hook. Journ. Bot. 3: 251 (1841)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Hook., Journ. Bot. 3: 251 (1841).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Sleumer in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 92: 64–89 (1972).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Sleumer in E.J. 92: 64 (1972)
  • Gilg in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 21: 440 (1925)
  • in Hook., Journ. Bot. 3: 251 (1841)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0