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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, China (S. Yunnan, W. Guangxi) to Tropical Asia.

[FZ]

Icacinaceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
An evergreen tree up to 5–15 m. or a shrub; young branches purplish-green with appressed pale brown hairs; older twigs dark grey with pale lenticels; sap-wood very narrow; heart-wood extremely hard and pink or pale violet in colour; bark smooth, grey.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 2–15 × 1·2–8 cm., ovate-elliptic or broadly elliptic, slightly glossy or ± glaucous or pruinose, subcoriaceous, apex emarginate or obtuse or acute or shortly acuminate, margin entire or sometimes undulate and slightly recurved, midrib slightly impressed above and prominent beneath, venation obscure; petiole 1–3 cm. long, flattened and channelled above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 2 mm. long in bud, sessile or shortly pedicellate, with very minute or obsolete bracts and bracteoles, in terminal, loose or subthyrsiform many-flowered sweet-scented panicles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0·3–0·5 mm. long, 5-fid; lobes deltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, drying black, 5 × 1 mm, linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers linear, bilobed-sagittate at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 0·6–0·7 × 0·5–0·7 × c. 0·3 cm., ovoid-reniform, subcompressed, black, with a persistent style and a fleshy lateral red (drying black) appendage.

[FTEA]

Icacinaceae, G. Ll. Lucas. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Trees or much branched shrubs up to 25 m. high, the larger trees with fluted trunks.
Morphology Branches
Bark smooth, grey; young branches glabrous to sparsely pubescent; older branches grey-brown with pale lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade very variable, ovate-elliptic or broadly elliptic to oblong, 2–15 cm. long, 1.5–8 cm. wide, shortly acuminate or acute to obtuse, cuneate, subcoriaceous to coriaceous, the margin slightly recurved, with the midrib impressed above, prominent beneath, and the secondary veins inconspicuous, turning black on drying.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers many, usually in terminal panicles, rarely axillary, shortly pedicellate or sessile, sweet-scented; bracts minute or absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx small, up to 0.5 mm. long, with 5 deltoid lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, free, white, drying black, linear, ± 5 mm. long and 1 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ovoid, up to 0.7 mm. long; style eccentric, with the stigmatic surface slightly enlarged at apex, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit oblique, asymmetric, oblong-obovate, laterally compressed, 5–11 mm. long, 5–9 mm. high, 3–4 mm. wide, glabrous or pubescent, black with the lateral lobe red.

Native to:

Aldabra, Angola, Assam, Borneo, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Rwanda, Réunion, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Laos

Apodytes dimidiata E.Mey. ex Arn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 16, 2008 Marshall, A.R [Andrew R Marshall 1391], Tanzania K001275008
Dec 5, 2006 Larsen [504], Thailand K000271834
Oct 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [5334], Cameroon K000746329
Oct 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [5334], Cameroon K000746330
Jan 1, 1996 Thomas, D.W. [9816], Cameroon K000086106
Feb 1, 1978 unknown [157], Mauritius K000226100
Feb 1, 1978 unknown [12], Réunion K000226102 lectotype
Jan 1, 1967 Pierre, L. [583], Cambodia K000685944 isotype
Jan 1, 1967 Pierre, L. [583], Cambodia K000685945 isotype
Jan 1, 1967 Fénix, E. [24941], Philippines K000685943 isotype
Faulkner, H. [2498], Tanzania 23707.000
unknown [21], South Africa K000226094
Lamb, A. [MTED 221], Malaysia 61179.000
Harvey [s.n.], South Africa K000226088
Harvey [673], South Africa K000226091
Mauritius K000226101 holotype
Baron, R. [4791], Madagascar K000226097
Baron, R. [4865], Madagascar K000226098
Zeyher [673], South Africa K000226086
Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000226093
Wood, J.M. [700], South Africa K000226092
Krauss [95], South Africa K000226087
MacOwan, P. [299], South Africa K000226090
White, R. [s.n.], Karnataka K000685946 Unknown type material
Plant [1], South Africa K000226089
Thouvenot [10], Madagascar K000226099
Rossiter, S. [63], Botswana K000511207
Timberlake, J. [5241], Mozambique K000613970
Timberlake, J. [5477], Mozambique K000614455
Wight [3506], India Apodytes benthamiana K000685948
Gardner, G. [189], Sri Lanka Apodytes gardneriana K000685947 Unknown type material
Wang, C.W. [74068], Yunnan Apodytes yunnanensis K000685949 holotype

First published in J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 155 (1840)

Accepted by

  • Mao, A.A., Sinha, B.K., Verma, D. & Sarma, N. (2016). Check-List of Flora of Meghalaya: 1-273. Meghalaya Biodiversity Board, Shillong.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 11: 1-622. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Singh, N.P. & al. (eds.) (2002). Flora of Mizoram 1: 1-845. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1997). Flore des Mascareignes 69: 79-1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Sleumer, H. (1969). Materials towards the knowledge of the Icacinaceae of Asia, Malesia, and ajacent areas Blumea 17: 181-264.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 11: 1-622. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Mendes in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 343, t. 72 (1963).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 221 (1962).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 238, fig. 47, t. 14 (1961).
  • Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 273 (1960).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 487 (1958).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 161, t. 7 (1952).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 251 (1949).
  • Sleumer in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20B: 367, fig. 103/C–E (1942).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 248 (1895).
  • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 355 (1868), pro parte, excl. specim. Schimper.
  • Arn. in Hook., Journ. Bot. 3: 155 (1840).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0