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  1. Family: Salicaceae Mirb.
    1. Oncoba Forssk.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Sleumer (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

    Habit
    Shrubs or small trees; stem and branches often spiny
    Leaves
    Leaves deciduous, alternate, crenate-serrate, penninerved; petiole not thickened apically; stipules caducous
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual or polygamous (andromonoecious), Camellia-like, white, scented, solitary, axillary or terminal on short side shoots, pedunculate
    Calyx
    Sepals 3–5, ± united at the base, ± imbricate, the outer ones gradually larger than the inner ones
    Corolla
    Petals (5–)8–15, imbricate in bud, subequal
    Stamens
    Stamens very numerous; filaments filiform, anthers linear to oblong, basifixed, longitudinally dehiscent, apiculate by the ± elongate connective
    Pistil
    Ovary (wanting in ♂ flowers) sessile, unilocular, the 6–8(–10) placentas much protruding into the cavity, multi-ovulate; style columnar; stigma either peltate, i.e. formed by short subglobular and ± connate stigmatic branches (the number of the placentas), or radiate, i.e. the short stigmatic branches free, each with a capitate stigma
    Fruits
    Fruit globular, indehiscent, 1-locular, many-seeded, smooth or with slight longitudinal ridges, the pericarp woody
    Seeds
    Seeds embedded in an edible pulp, with a smooth bony testa.
    [FZ]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs; branches often spinose.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate.
    Flowers
    Flowers terminal or axillary, solitary, often on short side-shoots, often large and showy.
    Calyx
    Sepals 3 or 4, free or united at the base, imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals 5–10 or more, exceeding the sepals, imbricate.
    Stamens
    Stamens numerous, free, anthers linear.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1-locular with 2–10 multiovulate parietal placentas; style simple.
    Fruits
    Fruit indehiscent, smooth or slightly ridged with a hard, shell-like pericarp, 1-locular, many seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds with a smooth, horny testa; embryo with leafy cotyledons.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Cuba, Florida

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Oncoba Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2013 Cable, S. [833], Cameroon K000460242
    Jan 1, 1998 Fraser, P. [360], Cameroon K000198704
    16192.000
    Pollard, B.J. [1155], Cameroon 76100.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 103 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Killick, D.J.B. (1976). Flacourtiaceae (including Samydaceae) Flora of Southern Africa 22: 53-92. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Gilg in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 40: 454 (1908).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 114, partly

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Fl. Aegypt.–Arab.: CXIII, 103 (1775).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Gilg in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 21: 401, fig. 172 (1925)
    • Oliv. in F.T.A. 1: 114 (1868)
    • Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: CXIII, 103 (1775)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0