1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus benguellensis Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to Angola.

    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Plants 35–60 cm high.
    Corms
    Corms dark-red, c. 10 mm in diameter, globose to horizontally elongate, often rhizome-like, 15–25 mm long, the old Corms sometimes persistent and then attached horizontally; tunics reddish-brown, membranous, fragmenting irregularly.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves 4–6, the basal longer than the others, usually with blades well-developed and reaching to about the base of the spike, 5–9 mm wide, narrowly lanceolate, glabrous to pubescent, sometimes with a dense appressed short pubescence, the margins and midribs moderately to heavily thickened and hyaline, sometimes other veins also somewhat thickened; the upper 1–2 cauline leaves usually entirely sheathing.
    Stem
    Stem unbranched, erect.
    Inflorescences
    Spike (3)5–8-flowered, erect; bracts green, (20)25–30 mm long, often somewhat attenuate and dry apically, the inner about two-thirds as long as the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers either scarlet-red with the lower tepals each with a median white stripe, or occasionally entirely yellow; perianth tube c. 15 mm long, expanding uniformly from base to apex, curving outward in the upper half; tepals unequal, the uppermost 18–21 × c. 12 mm, larger than the others and ascending to nearly horizontal, the upper lateral tepals c. 20 mm long, the lower 3 tepals 16–18 × c. 6 mm, more or less straight and held at 45° to the ground.
    Stamens
    Filaments 5–8 mm long, included or barely exserted; anthers 7–8 mm long.
    Style
    Style dividing opposite the upper half of the anthers, style branches 3–4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsules (14)16–18(22) mm long, narrowly obovoid to ellipsoid.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Zambia, Zaïre

    Gladiolus benguellensis Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1991 Welwitsch [1540], Angola K000320829 isolectotype
    Jan 1, 1991 Baum, H. [632], Angola K000320828 isotype

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 268 (1878)

    Accepted by

    • Geerinck, D (2005). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Iridaceae: 1-102. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0