1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus curtifolius Marais

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to N. Malawi.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants 25-35 cm. high.
    Corms
    Corm 1.2-1.8 cm. in diameter, tunics brittle-papery, usually broken into vertical fibres below.
    Leaves
    Leaves of the flowering stem 2-3, almost to entirely sheathing, 4-8 cm. long, sometimes with short non-sheathing blades 1-3 cm. long, inserted on the lower half of the stem, sparsely pubescent on the sheaths and blades; leaves of non-flowering individuals evidently solitary, linear, ± 2 mm. wide, sparsely pubescent.
    Stem
    Stem erect, unbranched, the lower half sheathed by the leaves, the upper half occasionally with a short sheathing leaf-bract 2-3 cm. below the first flower, this with an open sheath, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter at the base of the spike.
    Inflorescences
    Spike (1-)2-4-flowered; bracts 1.5-2.7 cm. long, green or membranous, usually dry and brownish above at anthesis, the inner ± as long as the outer, or slightly longer, bifid.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream to pale lemon-yellow, the tepals symmetrically disposed, fragrant; perianth-tube 5-7.5(-8) cm. long, cylindric, very slightly expanded in the upper third; tepals subequal, lanceolate, (1.5-)1.8-2.2 cm. long, the inner 3 slightly shorter than the outer.
    Stamens
    Filaments unilateral, included or exserted 1-2 mm. from the tube; anthers ± 7 mm. long.
    Style
    Style dividing near the anther-apices, the branches ± 4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsules ovoid-ellipsoid, 1.3-1.5 cm. long.
    Habitat
    Highlands in open grassland or light woodland or bush; 1800-2200 m.; flowering November to early January
    Distribution
    T7
    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Plants 25–35 cm high.
    Corms
    Corms 12–18 mm in diameter; tunics brittle-papery, usually broken into vertical fibres below.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2–3, inserted on the lower half of the stem, almost entirely sheathing, 4–8 cm long, sometimes with short non-sheathing blades 1–3 cm long.
    Stem
    Stem erect, unbranched, the lower half sheathed by the leaves, the upper half naked or sometimes with a short sheathing bract 2–3 cm below the first flower.
    Inflorescences
    Spike (1)2–4-flowered; bracts green or membranous, usually dry and brownish above at anthesis, 15–20 mm long, the inner as long as the outer, bifid.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream, the tepals symmetrically disposed, fragrant; perianth tube 5–7.5 cm long, cylindric, very slightly expanded in the upper third; tepals subequal, 18–22 mm long, lanceolate, the inner 3 slightly shorter than the outer.
    Stamens
    Filaments unilateral, exserted c. 2 mm from the tube; anthers c. 7 mm long.
    Style
    Style dividing close to the anther apices, style branches 3–4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsules 13–15 mm long, ellipsoid to narrowly obovoid.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania

    Gladiolus curtifolius Marais appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1996 Robinson, E.A. [6294], Malawi K000283154
    Aug 2, 1971 Gillett, J.B. [17827], Tanzania K000283153
    Aug 2, 1971 Stolz, A. [2330], Tanzania K000283152
    Aug 2, 1971 Goetze, W. [1448], Tanzania K000283151 Unknown type material

    First published in Kew Bull. 28: 313 (1973)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt in Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 139 (1996).
    • Goldblatt in Flora Zambesiaca 12(4): 102 (1993)
    • Marais in Kew Bulletin 28: 313 (1973).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0