1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus decoratus Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants 45-80 cm. high.
    Corms
    Corms 1.5-2.5 cm. in diameter, tunics initially membranous, becoming fibrous and matted with age, fibres brown, enclosing numerous small cormlets.
    Leaves
    Leaves four or five, fairly soft-textured, the midrib and margins not thickened, the lower 3 ± basal and longest, lanceolate to linear, reaching to ± the base of the spike, 8-18(-24) mm. wide, the upper 2 leaves cauline and sheathing in the lower half.
    Stem
    Stem unbranched, ± 3 mm. in diameter at the base of the spike.
    Inflorescences
    Spike erect, 5-9-flowered; bracts green and soft-textured, the outer sometimes flushed red, 2.5-4(-6) cm. long, the inner 2/3 as long as the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers bright orange-red or dark red, the lower tepals each with a median white to yellow streak, the marks on the lower laterals spathulate and widest near the tepal apices; perianth-tube 2.5-3.5 cm. long, the lower part slender and cylindric, 1.8-2.5 cm. long, the upper part funnel-shaped, 8-10 mm. long; tepals lanceolate, unequal, the dorsal largest, 4.5-5.5 cm. long, 1.5-3 cm. wide, arched over the stamens and style, the lower 3 united for 1-1.2 cm., ± 4 cm. long, nearly horizontal or tilted toward the ground, in profile the lower equalling or exceeding the dorsal.
    Stamens
    Filaments 3.5-4 cm. long, exserted 2-2.5 cm.; anthers 1-1.2 cm. long, reaching to ± the upper 1/3 of the dorsal tepal, with a slender, usually inconspicuous apiculate appendage 0.5-1 mm. long.
    Style
    Style arched over the stamens, dividing opposite to or beyond the anther-apices, the branches ± 4 mm. long, widened and channelled above.
    Fruits
    Capsules ellipsoid, 1.8-2.7 cm. long.
    Habitat
    Woodland and forest in rocky outcrops and screes and other more open sites; 0-2000 m.; flowering December to February
    Distribution
    P T6 T7 T8 Z
    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Plants 45–80 cm high.
    Corms
    Corms 15–25 mm in diameter; tunics initially membranous, becoming more or less fibrous and matted with age, fibres brown, enclosing numerous small cormlets.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves 4–5, the lower 3 more or less basal and longer than the others, reaching to about the base of the spike, 8–18(24) mm wide, lanceolate to linear, the upper 2 leaves cauline and sheathing in the lower half, fairly soft-textured, the midrib and margins not thickened.
    Stem
    Stem unbranched.
    Inflorescences
    Spike 5–9-flowered; bracts green and soft-textured, the outer sometimes flushed red, 25–40(50) mm long, the inner two-thirds as long as the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers bright-red, the lower tepals each with a median white to yellow streak, the marks on the lower lateral tepals spathulate and widest near the tepal apices; perianth tube c. 35 mm long, the lower part 18–25 mm long, slender and cylindric, the upper part 8–10 mm long, funnel-shaped; tepals unequal, lanceolate, the uppermost 45–55 × 15–20 mm, larger than the others and arched over the stamens, the lower 3 tepals united for 10–12 mm, c. 40 mm long, nearly horizontal or dipping towards the ground, extending as far outward as the upper or slightly further.
    Stamens
    Filaments 35–40 mm long, exserted 20–25 mm; anthers 10–12 mm long, reaching to about the upper third of the uppermost tepal, with a slender often inconspicuous apiculum 0.5–1 mm long.
    Style
    Style dividing opposite to or beyond the anther apices, style branches c. 4 mm long, wider and channelled above.
    Fruits
    Capsules 18–27 mm long, ellipsoid.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Gladiolus decoratus Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1990 Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000320837 syntype
    Jan 1, 1990 Waller [s.n.], Mozambique K000320838 Unknown type material
    Kirk [s.n.], Tanzania K000320768 holotype
    Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000320836 lectotype

    First published in J. Bot. 14: 333 (1876)

    Accepted by

    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt in Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 268 (1996).
    • Goldblatt in Flora Zambesiaca 12(4): 100 (1993)
    • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 370 (1898).
    • Baker in Handb. Irid. 222 (1892)
    • Baker in Journal of Botany 14: 337 (1876)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0