1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus grantii Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants 30-45 cm. high.
    Corms
    Corms 1.5-2 cm. in diameter, tunics initially membranous, becoming ± fibrous externally, fibres straw-coloured, mostly vertical, enclosing a few small cormlets.
    Leaves
    Leaves 4-5, the lower 2-3 ± basal and usually longest, narrowly lanceolate, reaching to ± the base of the spike, 4-7 mm. wide, the upper 2 leaves cauline, becoming ± entirely sheathing, all fairly soft-textured, the midrib and margins hardly thickened.
    Stem
    Stem evidently erect, unbranched, 2-3 mm. in diameter at the base of the spike.
    Inflorescences
    Spike erect, 2-6-flowered; bracts green, soft-textured, the outer 3.3-3.8 cm. long, the inner 2/3 as long as the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers white to cream, fading to pale salmon or pink, the lower 3 tepals sometimes each with a median pale yellow mark in the midline; perianth-tube narrowly funnel-shaped, 3.3-3.5 cm. long, the lower cylindrical part ± 2.3 cm. long, the wider upper part 1 cm. long; tepals lanceolate, ± equal in length, 2.8-3 cm. long, the dorsal widest and horizontal, broadly lanceolate, ± 1.7 cm. wide, the other tepals narrowly lanceolate, 5-8 mm. wide, the lower 3 ± horizontal, joined together for ± 2 mm., in profile appearing 3-5 mm. longer than the dorsal.
    Stamens
    Filaments ± 1.5 cm. long, barely exserted from the tube for ± 2 mm.; anthers 1.2-1.3 cm. long, reaching to ± the middle of the dorsal tepal, with acute apiculate appendages ± 1-2 mm. long.
    Style
    Style arched over the stamens, dividing just below the apex of the anthers, branches ± 3.2 mm. long, widened above.
    Fruits
    Capsules unknown.
    Habitat
    Moist habitats near streams or in seasonally marshy sites; 1100-2000 m.; locally common in Shinyanga and Dodoma Districts, flowering early in the wet season from December to early February
    Distribution
    not known elsewhere T1 T4 T5

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Gladiolus grantii Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9283], Tanzania 24412.000
    Polhill, R. [1218], Tanzania 5552.000
    Speke [s.n.], Tanzania K000320769 holotype

    First published in Handb. Irid.: 206 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt, Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 279 (1996).
    • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 366 (1898).
    • Baker, Handb. Irid. 206 (1892)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0