1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus muenzneri Vaupel

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants 30-60 cm. high.
    Corms
    Corm (1-)2-3.5 cm. in diameter, tunics ± coriaceous or fragmenting into coarse to medium textured fibres, sometimes entirely fibrous, brownish.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves 2-3, entirely sheathing or with short blades 1-8(-12) cm. long, occasionally imbricate, blades lanceolate, usually narrowly so, margins and midribs hyaline and usually lightly thickened (foliage leaves on separate shoots not known and probably not produced); leaves of non-flowering plants not known.
    Stem
    Stem erect, unbranched, usually straight.
    Inflorescences
    Spike 2-8-flowered; bracts 1.8-2.5 cm. long, green or sometimes membranous or dry above, the inner somewhat shorter than the outer and apically bifid.
    Flowers
    Flowers white to cream or yellow, sometimes flushed pinkish or light mauve especially on the upper 3 tepals, or rarely uniformly mauve, pink or light orange, lacking contrasting markings on the lower tepals; perianth-tube 7-8 mm. long, curving outward between the bracts, widening near the mouth; tepals nearly equal, 20-25 × 7-8 mm., directed forwards, weakly curving outward distally, hardly or not at all narrowed below into claws.
    Stamens
    Filaments 4-5 mm. long, usually included in the tube (exserted for up to 1 mm.); anthers 7-9 mm. long, sometimes the bases included for up to 2 mm.
    Style
    Style dividing toward the anther-apices, the branches 3.5-4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsules obovoid, 1-1.2 cm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 13/6-8.
    Habitat
    Relatively dry woodland or occasionally in grassland; 1200-1800 m.; flowering in December to mid-January
    Distribution
    T4 T7
    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Plants 30–60 cm high.
    Corms
    Corms (10)20–35 mm in diameter; tunics brownish, more or less coriaceous or fragmenting into coarse- to medium-textured fibres, sometimes entirely fibrous.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves 2–3, entirely sheathing or with short occasionally imbricate blades, the blades 1–8(12) cm long, lanceolate usually narrowly so, margins and midribs hyaline and usually slightly thickened; (hysteranthus foliage leaves on separate shoots are not known and are probably not produced); leaves of non-flowering plants are not known.
    Stem
    Stem erect, unbranched, usually straight.
    Inflorescences
    Spike 2–8-flowered; bracts green, or sometimes membranous or dry above, 18–25 mm long, the inner somewhat shorter than the outer and apically bifid.
    Flowers
    Flowers white to cream or yellow, sometimes flushed pinkish or light-mauve especially on the upper 3 tepals, or rarely uniformly mauve, pink or light-orange, lacking contrasting markings on the lower tepals; perianth tube 7–8 mm long, curving outward between the bracts, widening near the mouth; tepals nearly equal, 20–25 × (5.5)7–8 mm, directed forwards, weakly curving outward distally, hardly or not at all narrowed below into claws.
    Stamens
    Filaments 4–5 mm long, usually included in the perianth tube, exserted for up to 1 mm; anthers 7–9 mm long, sometimes the bases included for up to 2 mm, minutely apiculate.
    Style
    Style dividing toward the anther apices, style branches 3.5–4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsules 10–12 mm long, globose.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Gladiolus muenzneri Vaupel appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 542 (1912)

    Accepted by

    • Geerinck, D (2005). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Iridaceae: 1-102. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt in Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 133 (1996).
    • Goldblatt in Flora Zambesiaca 12(4): 83 (1993)
    • Vaupel in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 542 (1913).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0