1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus murielae Kelway

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Burundi and Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants 30-65 cm. high.
    Corms
    Corm 1.5-2.2 cm. in diameter, tunics firm to softly membranous, fragmenting irregularly, sometimes becoming subfibrous, dark red-brown.
    Leaves
    Leaves 4-8, the lower 3-5 basal, narrowly lanceolate, reaching at least to the base of the spike, sometimes slightly exceeding it, 5-12 mm. at the widest, relatively soft-textured and without thickened margins or midrib.
    Stem
    Stem erect or inclined, unbranched, 3-4 mm. in diameter at the base of the spike.
    Inflorescences
    Spike often inclined, 3-5-flowered; bracts green, the outer 5-8(-10) cm. long, the inner shorter than and concealed by the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, with a prominent dark purple streak in the midline of the lower 3 or all of the tepals, sweetly scented, more strongly in the evenings; perianth-tube cylindric and straight, slightly wider near the throat, (9-)12-15 cm. long; tepals ± equal, lanceolate, 3.5-4.5 cm. long, 1.7-2.2 cm. wide.
    Stamens
    Filaments exserted 1-1.5 cm.; anthers ± 1.5 cm. long, with a rigid filiform apiculus 2-4 mm. long.
    Style
    Style arching over the stamens, dividing beyond the anthers, the branches ± 5 mm. long, much expanded in the upper half.
    Fruits
    Capsules oblong-ellipsoid, 2-2.5 cm. long.
    Habitat
    Rocky partly shaded sites, growing on cliffs and in rocky outcrops on thin soils; 1400-2000 m.; flowering January to March
    Distribution
    T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Plants 30–65 cm high.
    Corms
    Corms 15–22 mm in diameter; tunics dark red-brown, firmly to softly membranous, fragmenting irregularly, sometimes becoming subfibrous.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves 4–8, the lower 3–5 basal, reaching at least to the base of the spike, sometimes slightly exceeding it, 5–12 mm at the widest, narrowly lanceolate, relatively soft-textured and without thickened margins or midrib.
    Stem
    Stem erect, unbranched.
    Inflorescences
    Spike 3–4-flowered; bracts green, 5–8(10) cm long, the inner much shorter and concealed by the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, with a prominent dark-purple streak in the midline of all tepals or of the lower 3 only, sweetly scented particularly in the evenings; perianth tube (9)12–15 mm long, cylindric and nearly straight, slightly expanded in the throat; tepals subequal, 35–45 × 17–22 mm, lanceolate.
    Stamens
    Filaments exserted for 10–15 mm; anthers c. 15 mm long, with rigid filiform apicula 2–5 mm long.
    Style
    Style arching over the stamens, dividing beyond the anthers, style branches c. 5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsules 20–27 mm long, ellipsoid to narrowly ovoid.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Chad, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Introduced into:

    East Himalaya

    Gladiolus murielae Kelway appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Quartin-Dillon, R. [112], Ethiopia K000320742 isotype
    Gladiolus callianthus 29359.000

    First published in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 92: 107 (1932)

    Accepted by

    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Geerinck, D (2005). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Iridaceae: 1-102. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Noltie, H.J. (1994). Flora of Bhutan 3(1): i-vi, 1-456. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt, Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 295 (1996).
    • Kelway in Gard. Chron., ser. 3., 92: 107 (1932).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0