1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus oligophlebius Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tanzania to NE. Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants 40-80 cm. high.
    Corms
    Corms 1.5-2.5 cm. in diameter, tunics initially membranous, becoming fibrous and matted with age, fibres brown, enclosing numerous small cormlets.
    Leaves
    Leaves 4-5, fairly soft-textured, the midrib and margins not thickened, the lower 3 ± basal and usually longest, lanceolate to linear, reaching to ± the base of the spike, 8-18(-24) mm. wide, the upper 2 leaves cauline and sheathing in the lower half.
    Stem
    Stem erect, unbranched, 3-4 mm. in diameter at the base of the spike.
    Inflorescences
    Spike erect, (2-)5-9-flowered; bracts pale green and soft-textured, the outer sometimes flushed red, 2.5-4(-5) cm. long, the inner 2/3 as long as the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers pale to deep pink, the lower tepals each with a median white to yellow streak outlined in red or purple, the mark broadest in the centre and largest on the lower laterals; perianth-tube narrowly funnel-shaped, the lower part, 3-4 mm. long, slender and cylindric, the wider upper part ± 2 cm. long; tepals lanceolate, subequal or the dorsal somewhat longer than the others, 3.8-4.5 cm. long, the dorsal ± horizontal, 1.5-2 cm. wide, the lower 3 joined for ± 5 mm., tilted slightly below horizontal, 8-12 mm. wide, in profile usually slightly exceeding than the dorsal.
    Stamens
    Filaments 1.5-2 cm. long, exserted (3-)5-10(-15) mm. from the tube; anthers 1-1.5 cm. long, reaching to ± the middle of the dorsal tepal, with apiculate appendage ± 1.5 mm. long.
    Style
    Style arched over the stamens, dividing at or beyond the anther-apices, the branches ± 4 mm. long, wider and channelled above.
    Fruits
    Capsules ± ellipsoid, ± 1.5 cm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 17/1-2.
    Habitat
    Open woodland or grassland, sometimes in rock outcrops in dry country; mostly 500-1200 m.; flowering mainly in December and January
    Distribution
    T1 T4
    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Plants 40–80 cm high.
    Corms
    Corms 15–25 mm in diameter; tunics initially membranous, becoming more or less fibrous and matted with age, fibres brown, enclosing numerous small cormlets.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves 4–5, fairly soft-textured, the midrib and margins not thickened, the lower 3 more or less basal and longer than the others, reaching to about the base of the spike, 8–18(24) mm wide, lanceolate to linear, the upper 2 leaves cauline and sheathing in the lower half.
    Stem
    Stem unbranched.
    Inflorescences
    Spike (2)5–9-flowered; bracts pale-green and soft-textured, the outer sometimes flushed red, 25–40(50) mm long, the inner two-thirds as long as the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers pale to deep-pink, the lower tepals each with a median white to yellow streak outlined in dark-red or purple, the mark broadest in the centre and largest on the lower lateral tepals; perianth tube 30–40 mm long, narrowly funnel-shaped, the lower part c. 20 mm long; tepals subequal or the uppermost somewhat larger than the others, 38–45 mm long, lanceolate, the uppermost tepal more or less horizontal, 15–20 mm wide, the lower 3 tepals joined for c. 5 mm, dipping slightly below horizontal, 8–12 mm wide.
    Stamens
    Filaments 15–20 mm long, included or exserted 10(15) mm from the tube; anthers 10–15 mm long, reaching to about the middle of the uppermost tepal, with an acute apiculus c. 1.5 mm long.
    Style
    Style dividing at or beyond the anther apices, style branches c. 4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsules c. 15 mm long, more or less elliptic.
    [FWTA]

    Iridaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    A herb with grass-like leaves 1-2 ft. long, the same length as the inflorescence
    Flowers
    Flowers 2 in. long, pink with yellow inside
    Ecology
    In rock crevices and shallow soil.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Gladiolus oligophlebius Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1991 Carson, A. [25], Zambia K000320840 holotype
    Richards [3650], Zambia 22414.000
    Carson, A. [19], Zambia K000320839 holotype

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1895: 73 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Geerinck, D (2005). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Iridaceae: 1-102. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 7: 367.
    • in Kew Bull. 1895: 73
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt in Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 272 (1996).
    • Goldblatt in Flora Zambesiaca 12(4): 100 (1993)
    • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 367 (1898)
    • Baker in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1895: 73 (1895)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0