1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus rupicola Vaupel

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants 50-75 cm. high.
    Corms
    Corm 1.8-2.5 cm. in diameter, tunics brown, membranous, becoming torn irregularly from the base, possibly always with small cormlets around the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves several, ± as long as the stems, lanceolate to linear, 8-15 mm. wide, the lower 3-5 basal and longest, the upper cauline and progressively shorter.
    Stem
    Stem unbranched, sometimes inclined or drooping, ± 3 mm. in diameter at the base of the spike.
    Inflorescences
    Spike 3-5-flowered; bracts green, lanceolate-attenuate, 3-4(-5) cm. long, the inner shorter than the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers red to deep pink, the lower 3 tepals white to cream at the base and each with a narrow cream to yellow median streak; perianth-tube 2.5-3 cm. long, narrowly funnel-shaped, the lower slender part 2 cm. long, abruptly expanded above, tepals unequal, the dorsal largest, ± arched over the stamens, (2.5-)4-5.5 cm. long, 2.2-3 cm. wide, upper lateral tepals 2.5-4 cm. long, ± 1.5 cm. wide, lower tepals ± horizontal, 2.2-3.5 cm. long.
    Stamens
    Filaments 1.8-4.5 cm. long, exserted from the tube for 2-3 cm.; anthers (6-)12-14 mm. long.
    Style
    Style arched over the stamens, dividing at or beyond the anther-apices, branches 4-6 mm.
    Fruits
    Capsules ± ovoid, 1.5-2.4 cm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 15/1.
    Habitat
    Mountains in grassland or in rocky outcrops; generally above 2000 m., but ± 1200 m. in the Teita Hills; flowering mainly May to September, but also November to February
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T6 T7 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Gladiolus rupicola Vaupel appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1994 Drummond, R.B. [2533], Tanzania K000239495
    Jan 1, 1994 Drummond, R.B. [2533], Tanzania K000239496
    Jan 1, 1994 Drummond, R.B. [2533], Tanzania K000239497
    Jan 1, 1994 Burtt, B.D. [4708], Tanzania K000239504
    Jan 1, 1994 Dale, I.R. [s.n.], Kenya K000239489
    Jan 1, 1994 Wallace, G.B. [174], Tanzania K000239508
    Jan 1, 1994 Wallace, G.B. [174], Tanzania K000239513
    Jan 1, 1994 Procter, J.E.A. [249], Tanzania K000239505
    Jan 1, 1994 Wigg, L.T. [5], Tanzania K000239514
    Jan 1, 1994 Wigg, L.T. [5], Tanzania K000239515
    Jan 1, 1994 Cribb, P.J. [100041], Tanzania K000239494
    Jan 1, 1994 Cribb, P.J. [100041], Tanzania K000239499
    Jan 1, 1994 Mabberley, D.J. [1248], Tanzania K000239502
    Jan 1, 1994 Gardner, H.M. [2957], Kenya K000239488
    Jan 1, 1994 Gardner, H.M. [2957], Kenya K000239491
    Jan 1, 1994 Bruce, E.M. [1125], Tanzania K000239507
    Jan 1, 1994 Carmichael, W. [70], Tanzania K000239506
    Jan 1, 1994 Richie, A.H. [1], Tanzania K000239503
    Jan 1, 1994 Nicholson, R.A. [s.n.], Tanzania K000239516
    Jan 1, 1993 s.coll. [s.n.], Kenya K000239490
    Jan 1, 1983 Procter, J.A. [167], Tanzania K000239498
    Jan 1, 1983 Phaarer, A. [s.n.], Tanzania K000239511
    Greenway, P.J. [4659], Tanzania K000239492
    Greenway, P.J. [4659], Tanzania K000239493
    Lavranos, J.J. [17640], Kenya K000239517
    Thomas, D.W. [3706], Tanzania K000239512
    Thulin, M. [2834], Tanzania K000239509
    Thulin, M. [2785], Tanzania K000239510
    Reinhild, R. [12], Tanzania K000239501

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 541 (1912)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt, Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 187 (1996).
    • Vaupel in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 48: 541 (1913).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0