1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Gladiolus velutinus De Wild.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants 1-1.5 m. high.
    Corms
    Corm depressed-globose, 5-7 mm. in diameter, the tunics reddish and irregularly broken.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves several, mostly basal or inserted in the lower part of the stem, reaching to ± the base of the spike, lanceolate, sometimes narrowly so, (1.3-)2-3.5 cm. wide, the margins, midrib and usually at least one other pair of veins thickened and hyaline, the surface densely and minutely papillose to shortly pubescent.
    Stem
    Stem unbranched.
    Inflorescences
    Spike erect, 6-10-flowered, the nodes 3-7 cm. apart; bracts 4-6(-7) cm. long, green, the inner 1-2 cm. shorter than the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers pale yellow with greenish highlights; perianth-tube 3-4 cm. long, curving outward above, gradually expanding toward the apex; tepals unequal, the upper 3 ± 4 cm. long, the dorsal hooded over the stamens, ± 2 cm. wide, the upper laterals directed forward and curving outward only apically, the lower 3 tepals 1/2-1/3 as long as the upper, curving downward from the base.
    Stamens
    Filaments 2.5-3 cm. long, exserted at least 1.5 cm.; anthers 1.4-1.7 cm. long.
    Style
    Style arching over the stamens, dividing near the anther-apices, the branches ± 5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsules unknown.
    Habitat
    Wetland sites such as marshes, seasonally flooded valley grassland and streambanks; 1600-2200 m.; flowering December to June
    Distribution
    T4 T7 U2 U3
    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Plants 1–1.5 m high.
    Corms
    Corms 5–7 mm in diameter, depressed-globose; tunics reddish, irregularly broken.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves several, mostly basal or inserted in the lower part of the stem, reaching to about the base of the spike, (13)20–35 mm wide, lanceolate, sometimes narrowly so, the margins, midrib and usually at least one other pair of veins thickened and hyaline, the surface densely and minutely papillose to short-pubescent.
    Stem
    Stem unbranched.
    Inflorescences
    Spike 6–10-flowered, the nodes 3–7 cm apart; bracts green, 4–6(7) cm long, the inner 1–2 cm shorter than the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers pale-yellow with greenish highlights; perianth tube 30–40 mm long, curving outward above, gradually expanding toward the apex; tepals unequal, the upper 3 tepals c. 4 cm long, the uppermost c. 2 cm wide and hooded over the stamens, the upper lateral tepals directed forward and curving outward only near the apex, the lower 3 tepals half to one-third as long as the upper, curving downward from the base.
    Stamens
    Filaments 25–30 mm long, exserted at least 15 mm; anthers 14–17 mm long.
    Style
    Style arching over the stamens, dividing near the anther apices, style branches c. 5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsules unknown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Gladiolus velutinus De Wild. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1992 Kassner [2268], Zambia K000320819 isotype

    First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 297 (1913)

    Accepted by

    • Geerinck, D (2005). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Iridaceae: 1-102. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt in Gladiolus Trop. Afr.: 221 (1996).
    • Goldblatt in Flora Zambesiaca 12(4): 93 (1993)
    • De Wild. in F. Fedde, Repertorium Speciorum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 12: 297 (1913).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0