1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Iris Tourn. ex L.
      1. Iris × germanica L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NW. Balkan Peninsula.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Azores, Baleares, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Illinois, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Nepal, New South Wales, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tasmania, Tennessee, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Victoria, West Himalaya, Western Australia

    Iris × germanica L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1981 Baytop, T. [ISTE36,671], Turkey K000318534
    Jan 1, 1981 Baytop, T. [ISTE36,671], Turkey K000318535
    Jan 1, 1981 Kenyon [s.n.], Cyprus K000499026 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [s.n.], Turkey K000499024 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [s.n.], Turkey K000499025 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5050], Nepal Iris × nepalensis K001104611
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5050], Nepal Iris × nepalensis K001104613
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 5050], India Iris × nepalensis K001104612
    Maly, K. [s.n.], Yugoslavia Iris × varbossania K000464969 Unknown type material
    Maly, K. [s.n.], Yugoslavia Iris × varbossania K000464970 Unknown type material

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 38 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Colasante, M.A. (2014). Iridaceae presenti in Italia: 1-415. Sapienza, Università Editrice, Roma.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Akhter, C. & al. (2013). A taxonomic appraisal of genus Iris L. (Iridaceae) in Kashmir himalaya, India Iranian Journal of Botany 19: 119-126.
    • Rico, E. & al. (eds.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora Iberica 20: 1-651. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Zervous, S., Raus, T. & Yannitsaros, A. (2009). Additons to the flora of the island of Kalimnos (SE Aegean, Greece) Willdenowia 39: 165-177.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
    • Bahali, D.D., Sanjappa, M. & Rath, S.P. (2004). Geographical distribution of Iridaceae in India Indian Journal of Forestry 27: 251-256.
    • Ali, S.I. & Mathew, B. (2000). Flora of Pakistan 202: 1-35. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Czerepanov, S.K. (1995). Vascular Plants of Russia and Adjacent States (The Former USSR): 1-516. Cambridge University Press.
    • Lebrun J.-P. & Stork, A.L. (1995). Énumération des Plants à Fleurs D'Afrique Tropicale 3: 1-341. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève.
    • Noltie, H.J. (1994). Flora of Bhutan 3(1): i-vi, 1-456. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Cooke, D.A. (1986). Flora of Australia 46: i-xii, 1-247. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 381-450. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Jafri, S.M.H. & El-Gadi, A. (eds.) (1980). Flora of Libya 81: 1-24. Al-Faateh University, Tripoli.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Wendelbo, P. & Mathew, B (1975). Flora Iranica 112: 1-79. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Maire, R. (1959 publ. 1960). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 6: 1-397. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
    • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1958). Flora Kazakhstana 2: 1-290. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
    • Komarov, V.L. (ed.) (1935). Flora SSSR 4: 1-586. Izdatel'stov Akademii Nauk SSSR, Leningrad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Cantero, J.J. & al. (2016). Novedades para la flora de la Argentina Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica 51: 183-207.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
    • Bahali, D.D., Sanjappa, M. & Rath, S.P. (2004). Geographical distribution of Iridaceae in India Indian Journal of Forestry 27: 251-256.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina Area: 404-410. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities.
    • Noltie, H.J. (1994). Flora of Bhutan 3(1): i-vi, 1-456. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Cooke, D.A. (1986). Flora of Australia 46: i-xii, 1-247. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1985). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 3. revised edition Sommerfeltia 1: 5-103.
    • Innes, C. (1985). The World of Iridaceae: 1-407. Holly Gare International Ltd., Ashington.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 381-450. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Wendelbo, P. & Mathew, B (1975). Flora Iranica 112: 1-79. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 2: 1-454. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1958). Flora Kazakhstana 2: 1-290. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
    • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0