1. Family: Achariaceae Harms
    1. Xylotheca Hochst.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FZ]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Small or moderately large shrubs; branches unarmed.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, entire or undulate; stipules small, very caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, male or bisexual, cymose or subumbellate in the upper leaf-axils or terminal on the branchlets, usually rather large and showy, sweet-scented.
    Calyx
    Calyx of 3–4, very concave, free or almost free imbricate sepals, glabrous or variously pubescent, often with sessile resinous glands.
    Corolla
    Petals white, 7–14, free, narrowed to the base, imbricate.
    Stamens
    Stamens numerous; filaments free; anthers linear, dehiscing longitudinally from above.
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile (rudimentary in male flowers), 1-locular, multiovulate; ovules pendulous from c. 7 parietal placentas; style terminal; stigmas as many as the placentas, short, spreading.
    Fruits
    Fruit a tough woody capsule splitting into c. 8 longitudinal rather thick valves; style persistent as a hard, woody apical point.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, ellipsoid, sometimes with a resinous aril.
    [FTEA]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Sleumer (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

    Habit
    Shrubs or small trees, unarmed
    Leaves
    Leaves deciduous, alternate, thin to leathery at full maturity, entire or undulate, petiolate, penninerved; stipules small, caducous
    Flowers
    Flowers usually large and showy, white, sweet-scented, bisexual or andromonoecious, cymose or umbellate in the upper leaf-axils, or terminal on short branchlets
    Calyx
    Sepals 3 (or 4), concave, free or almost so, imbricate, rather early caducous, glabrous or pubescent, often with sessile resinous glands
    Corolla
    Petals 7–14, free, narrowed to the base, imbricate, spreading at anthesis
    Stamens
    Stamens 20–30; filaments free, filiform; anthers linear, basifixed, dehiscing longitudinally from above
    Pistil
    Ovary (rudimentary or absent in the ♂ flowers) sessile, 1-locular, the 6 or 7 placentas multi-ovulate; style terminal, columnar; stigmas as many as placentas, rather short and spreading
    Fruits
    Fruit a woody capsule splitting into (4–)6–8 longitudinal rather thick valves; style persistent as a hard apical point
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, ellipsoid, arillate or embedded in a thin pulp.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zaïre

    Xylotheca Hochst. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7578], Tanzania 16194.000

    First published in Flora 26: 69 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • Killick, D.J.B. (1976). Flacourtiaceae (including Samydaceae) Flora of Southern Africa 22: 53-92. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Flora,26: 69 (1843).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Flora 26: 69 (1843)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0