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  1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Acanthopale C.B.Clarke
      1. Acanthopale confertiflora (Lindau) C.B.Clarke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Uganda to Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 2), Kaj Vollesen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Types: Malawi, Buchanan 22 (B†, syn.; K!, iso.); Congo-Kinshasa, Ituri, Stuhlmann 2687 (B†, syn.)
    Habit
    Shrubby herb or soft-wooded shrub to 4 m tall, often with stilt-roots; young stems with sparse spreading broad glossy hairs, often denser at nodes, without appressed hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves with petiole 1–6 cm long on larger leaves with sparse to dense long spreading hairs on edges; lamina ovate to elliptic, largest 9–18 × 3.5–8.5 cm, apex acuminate to cuspidate, base attenuate, beneath subglabrous to pubescent along midrib and veins, sparser or glabrous on lamina, above with sparse long broad appressed hairs all over, denser on midrib
    Flowers
    Flowers in condensed head-like racemes; peduncle 5–15(–30) mm long, winged, sparsely pubescent with curly glossy hairs; bracts sometimes purplish; pedicels to 1 mm long; bracteoles oblanceolate to slightly spathulate, 12–18 mm long, sometimes with apical part recurved, pubescent or densely so with broad glossy hairs
    Calyx
    Calyx 10–14 mm long, pubescent or densely so in apical half with long curly glossy hairs, glabrous towards base, lobes linear to oblanceolate, subacute to obtuse
    Corolla
    Corolla white with pink to purple lines in throat, pubescent with broad glossy hairs in a dorsal band and sometimes along veins; tube below attachment of stamens 8–12 mm long, throat 18–25 mm long and 18–25 mm in diameter apically, lobes 8–12 mm long, emarginate or bifid at apex
    Filaments
    Free part of filaments 8–10 and 11–15 mm long, two short filaments only hairy near base, two long ones thinly hairy halfway up; anthers ± 3.5 mm long; ventral stigma lobe 1.5–2 mm long
    Fruits
    Capsule 12–13 mm long
    Seeds
    Seed ellipsoid to circular, ± 6 × 5 mm.
    Ecology
    Wet evergreen montane forest; 2100–2250 m
    Note
    The anthers of the shorter pair of stamens (rarely of all) are occasionally sterile.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U2 T7 Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, Malawi

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Acanthopale confertiflora (Lindau) C.B.Clarke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 30, 1897 Buchanan, J. [22], Malawi K000394195 syntype

    Bibliography

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 5: 64 (1899)

    Accepted by

    • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • White et al., For. Fl. Malawi: 112 (2001).
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 4: 466 (1997)
    • Fl. Rwanda 3: 430 (1985)
    • Binns, Checklist Herb. Fl. Malawi: 12 (1968)
    • E.J. 73: 144 (1943)
    • F.T.A. 5: 64 (1899)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0