Skip to main content
  1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Acanthopale C.B.Clarke
      1. Acanthopale pubescens (Lindau ex Engl.) C.B.Clarke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 2), Kaj Vollesen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Congo-Kinshasa, N of Lake Kivu, Mt Ninagongo, von Götzen 58 (B†, holo.)
    Habit
    Shrubby herb or soft-wooded shrub to 2.5(–3) m tall, sometimes with stilt-roots; young stems quadrangular and longitudinally furrowed, subglabrous to densely sericeous with closely appressed often (if sparse) almost invisible hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves with petiole (1–)2–6.5 cm long on larger leaves with sparse to dense long spreading hairs on edges; lamina ovate to elliptic, largest 8–24 × 3.5–9.5 cm, apex acuminate to cuspidate, base attenuate, beneath subglabrous to pubescent with broad glossy hairs along midrib and veins, sparser (rarely dense) on lamina, above with sparse to dense long broad appressed hairs all over, denser on midrib (rarely glabrous)
    Flowers
    Flowers in dense capitate racemoid heads or elongated racemes to 3 cm long; peduncle 0.5–23 mm long, winged, glabrous to sericeous; bracts often purplish; pedicels to 1 mm long; bracteoles linear to spathulate, 5–14(–18) mm long, sometimes with apical part recurved, conspicuously whitish sericeous-pubescent (more rarely sparsely purplishsericeous-pubescent on midrib and margins) on edges (rarely also with stalked capitate glands)
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–10 mm long, usually conspicuously whitish sericeouspubescent or densely so apically, more rarely sparsely sericeous in apical half with purple appressed hairs, glabrous towards base (rarely also with stalked capitate glands), lobes linear-lanceolate or slightly spathulate, acute to obtuse
    Corolla
    Corolla pure white (rarely) or white with pink to purple lines in throat, pubescent with broad glossy hairs, densest dorsally and sometimes only in a dorsal band; tube below attachment of stamens 8–15 mm long, throat 10–25 mm long and 8–20 mm in diameter apically, lobes 4–8 mm long, acute or bifid at apex
    Filaments
    Free part of filaments 4–8 and 6–12 mm long, densely hairy in lower half; anthers 2–3 mm long; ventral stigma lobe 2–3 mm long
    Fruits
    Capsule 11–14 mm long
    Seeds
    Seed ellipsoid to circular, 4–5 × 3–4 mm
    Figures
    Fig 33, p216
    Ecology
    Medium altitude and montane wet evergreen forest, swamp forest; 1150–2750 m
    Note
    The anthers of the shorter pair of stamens are occasionally sterile.
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Sudan, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe Flora districts: T2 T3 T4 K1 K3 K4 K 5 T1 T4 T5 T6 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Acanthopale pubescens (Lindau ex Engl.) C.B.Clarke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000394194 holotype

    Bibliography

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 5: 64 (1899)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • F.E.E. 5: 369 (2006).
    • Biol. Skr. 51(2): 435 (2005)
    • White et al., For. Fl. Malawi: 112 (2001)
    • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 4: 466 (1997)
    • K.T.S.L.: 596 (1994)
    • U.K.W.F., ed. 2: 270 (1994)
    • Fl. Rwanda 3: 430 (1985)
    • Binns, Checklist Herb. Fl. Malawi: 12 (1968)
    • T.T.C.L.: 1 (1949)
    • F.P.N.A. 2: 285 (1947)
    • F.T.A. 5: 64 (1899)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0