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  1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Acanthus L.
      1. Acanthus montanus (Nees) T.Anderson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Sierra Leone, Benin to S. Chad and Zambia.

    [FWTA]

    Acanthaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Plant up to 6 ft. high, stems woody, sparsely branched
    Leaves
    Leaves dark glossy green above, paler beneath, papery, scabrid bracts and calyx-lobes whitish with green veins
    Ecology
    In high forest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Mauritius

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Acanthus montanus (Nees) T.Anderson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 2005 Etuge, M. [5261], Cameroon K000338349
    Jan 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1526], Cameroon K000109422
    Jan 1, 2002 Gosline, G. [222], Cameroon K000109423
    Jul 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [3356], Cameroon K000339070
    Jan 1, 1999 Onana, J.-M. [592 a], Cameroon K000339071
    Feb 1, 1996 Lane, P. [263], Cameroon K000109425
    Jan 1, 1996 Etuge, M. [1493], Cameroon K000197502
    Dec 1, 1995 Lane, P. [380], Cameroon K000011333
    Jan 1, 1995 Gereau, R.E. [5652], Cameroon K000029282
    Jul 1, 1994 Cheek, M. [5667], Cameroon K000011336
    Jul 1, 1994 Cable, S. [647], Cameroon K000011338
    Jul 1, 1994 Cable, S. [647], Cameroon K000011337
    Jan 1, 1994 Harris, D.J. [3793], Cameroon K000011334
    Jan 1, 1994 Lighava, M. [17], Cameroon K000011335
    Jan 1, 1990 Manning, S.D. [1066], Cameroon K000029283
    Sep 1, 1988 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8974], Cameroon K000029281
    Jan 1, 1987 Etuge, M. [411], Cameroon K000029284
    Nov 1, 1974 Letouzey, R. [13193], Cameroon K000029287
    Jan 1, 1973 Morton, J.K. [974], Cameroon K000029278
    Jan 1, 1961 Hepper, F.N. [2831], Cameroon K000029271
    Feb 11, 1897 Vogel [239], Bioko K000394330
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8563], Nigeria 4315.000
    Hepper, F.N. [1467], Nigeria 13054.000
    Gossweiler, J. [14200], Angola K000508527
    Gossweiler, J. [4461], Angola K001009518
    Maitland, T.D. [123], Cameroon K000029275
    Maitland, T.D. [774], Cameroon K000029276
    Maitland, T.D. [460], Cameroon K000029277
    Thomas, D.W. [5163], Cameroon K000029285
    Thomas, D.W. [2751], Cameroon K000029286
    Thomas, D.W. [10454], Cameroon K000745787
    Welwitsch [5076], Angola K001009514
    Welwitsch [5167], Angola K001009515
    Welwitsch [5167], Angola K001009516
    Cable, S. [887], Cameroon K000011339
    Johnston, H.H. [0 s.n.24], Cameroon K000029280
    Barter [1300], Nigeria K000394333
    Curror [s.n.], Angola K001009517
    Dunlap [127], Cameroon K000029274
    Barbosa, G. [11821], Angola K001009519
    Migeod, F. W. H. [249], Cameroon K000029272
    Migeod, F. W. H. [249], Cameroon K000029273
    Brunt, M.A. [917], Cameroon K000029270

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 37 (1863)

    Accepted by

    • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Daniel, T.F. & Figueiredo, E. (2009). The California Academy of Sciences Gulf of Guinea Expeditions (2001, 2006, 2008) VII. Acanthaceae of São Tomé and Príncipe Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, IV, 60: 623-674.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • F.W.T.A., ed. 1, 2: 260, partly (specimens from N.Nig.-F.Po, fig. 268).
    • F.T.A. 5: 107
    • Bot. Mag. 91: t. 5516 (1865)
    • in J. Linn. Soc. 7: 37 (1863)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Daniel, T.F. & Figueiredo, E. (2009). The California Academy of Sciences Gulf of Guinea Expeditions (2001, 2006, 2008) VII. Acanthaceae of São Tomé and Príncipe Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, IV, 60: 623-674.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/