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This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Temp. Eurasia to S. Africa.
Mentha longifolia

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Mentha, RM Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Lectotype, chosen by Tucker, Harley & Fairbrothers in Taxon 29: 233–255 (1980): Czech Republic [Bohemia] (UPS!, Burser Herbarium XIII 9, lecto.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial gynodioecious herb, 0.4–1.2 m tall, with musty scent, with spreading underground rhizomes
Morphology Stem
Flowering stems erect, branched, quadrangular, white- or grey-villous, sometimes sparsely hairy
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile or very shortly petiolate; blades usually lanceolate or oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic, 4–11 × 1–4 cm, serrate with usually irregular, patent teeth, acute at apex, truncate or rounded at base, smooth or slightly rugose especially near base, green, subglabrous above, grey- or white-villous beneath, with scattered sessile glands, often hidden by indumentum, hairs simple; petiole 0–1.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences branched and forming a slender, terminal, spiciform thyrse, 4–10 × 0.9–1.3 cm, with usually many congested verticils, the lower sometimes remote, bracteoles narrowly linear-elliptic, up to 7 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pedicellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx narrowly campanulate, 2.2–2.8 mm long at anthesis, pubescent and with sessile glands; lobes subequal, narrowly triangular to subulate, acute, 0.9–1.1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pale lilac or white, 3.5–3.8 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted, or included in functionally female plants
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets dark brown, with prominent, darker reticulum, broadly ovoid to subtrigonous, 6–7.5 × 3–5.5 mm, sparsely hairy in upper half.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chad, China South-Central, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Illinois, Madeira, New York, Oman

Mentha longifolia (L.) L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 21, 1967 Reverchon, E. [126], Greece K000494907 isotype
Brittinger, C.C. [842], Austria K000494903
Brittinger, C.C. [842], Austria K000494902
Kerner, A. [643], Austria K000494901
[illegible] [s.n.] K000494904
Heldreich, T.H.H. [s.n.], Greece K000494906
Reverchon, E. [126], Greece K000494908
Woloszczak, E. [642], Austria K000494900
[illegible] [s.n.] K000494905

First published in Amoen. Acad., Linnaeus ed. 4: 485 (1759)

Accepted by

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 12: 1-650. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kravchenko, A.V., Timofeeva, V.V., Rudkocskaya, O.A. & Fadeeva, M.A. (2008). Vascular plant species new and rare to Karelia Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 93: 776-788.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R.M., Harvey, Y.B., Iwarsson, M., Otieno, D., Balkwill, K., Phillipson, P.B., Harley, R.M. & Willis, F. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(8): 1-346. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542. New York Botanical Garden.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Malyschev, L.I. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Siberia 11: 1-310. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542. New York Botanical Garden.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fl. Anglica: 221 (1762)
  • Fl. Eth. 5: 551 (2006).
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 288 (1994)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/