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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Salvia L.
      1. Salvia merjamie Forssk.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to N. Tanzania, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Salvia, RM Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Yemen, Kurma, Forsskål s.n. (C, holo.)
    Habit
    Perennial aromatic herb, (0.1–)0.2–1 m tall, with 1–several stems from a napiform rootstock
    Stem
    Stems erect, branched, with eglandular and glandular hairs and sessile glands, denser and more glandular above
    Leaves
    Leaves in a basal rosette and along the stem, long to shortly petiolate at the base, shortly petiolate to sessile along stem; blades oblong, elliptic or ovate, irregularly crenate to pinnately lobed, up to 4–17 × 0.8–7 cm, acuminate to obtuse at apex, bullate, pubescent on both surfaces, sometimes glabrescent above, and with sessile glands Verticils 6–11, distant below, adjacent to crowded above, up to 6-flowered; bracts ovate, 6–12 mm long, acuminate; bracteoles 0; pedicels 1–2 mm long
    Calyx
    Calyx often violet-purple or brownish, campanulate, 6–8(–10 in fruit) mm long, ribbed, with long fine glandular and eglandular hairs and sessile glands; posterior lip rounded to 3 small incurved teeth 0.3–0.5 mm long; anterior lip with 2 lanceolate-acuminate lobes 3–4 mm long
    Corolla
    Corolla usually blue to mauve, sometimes white, 10–17 mm long (smaller cleistogamous or female flowers may occur); posterior lip hooded, slightly falcate; anterior lip equal to or a little shorter, with a broadly ovate, saccate middle lobe; tube with a panel of hairs from base of anterior lip to halfway down the tube
    Stamens
    Connectives of stamens much longer than the filaments, inner branch hatchet-shaped, without a theca
    Fruits
    Nutlets dark brown to blackish, rounded-ellipsoid, 1.8–2 × 1.3–1.6 mm, producing mucilage when wetted.
    Ecology
    Montane grassland to afroalpine moorland and associated heath and bushland; (2250–)2400–4100 m
    Conservation
    Least concern; widely distributed
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U3 K2 K3 K 4 , K6 T2 Range: Ethiopia and Somalia, Yemen

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Salvia merjamie Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ash [1014], Ethiopia 35523.000
    Ash [1649], Ethiopia 35827.000
    Ash [373], Ethiopia 57896.000
    Schimper [857], Ethiopia Salvia congesta K000193309 Unknown type material
    Quarton-Dillon [21], Ethiopia Salvia congesta K000414756

    Bibliography

    First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 10 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Eth. 5: 560 (2006).
    • Fl. Somalia 3: 333 (2006)
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 287, t. 126 (1994)
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: 408, t. 812 (1987)
    • Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 33: 101 (1974)
    • A.V.P.: 159, 317 (1957)
    • F.T.A. 5: 458 (1900)
    • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 367 (1892)
    • Benth., Lab. Gen. Sp.: 239, 242 (1833)
    • Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 10 (1775)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0