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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Salvia L.
      1. Salvia nilotica Juss. ex Jacq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Salvia, RM Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: illustration of a plant of unknown origin, obtained from Paris and grown in Vienna, Austria
    Habit
    Perennial herb, strongly aromatic, 0.2–1.2 m tall from a taproot with spreading rhizomes
    Stem
    Stems erect, branched, with multicellualr flattish hairs, shorter capitate glandular hairs and sessile glands, denser above
    Leaves
    Verticils up to 15, distant below, approximated above, 6(–8)-flowered; bracts ovate, acuminate with a subulate tip, 4–8 mm long; bracteoles linear-subulate, 2–4 mm long; pedicels 1–5 mm long Leaves in a basal rosette and along stems, usually petiolate at base, shortly petiolate to sessile along stems; blades elliptic to obovate, irregularly crenate to pinnately lobed and then usually lyrate, up to 5–16 × 2–8 cm, acute to obtuse at apex, hairy on both surfaces, more densely on veins beneath, and with sessile glands
    Calyx
    Calyx often brownish or purplish, campanulate, 6–8(–10 in fruit) mm long, hairy and glandular, with strong ribs on tube; posterior lip with 3 subequal teeth 1.5–2 mm long; anterior lip with 2 subulate lobes 3.5–4 mm long
    Corolla
    Corolla bluish to purplish, pink or white, 8–12 mm long; posterior lip ± straight; anterior lip as long as or shorter than the posterior; tube with a thin annulus ± 3 mm from base
    Stamens
    Connectives of stamens ± as long as or shorter than the filaments; anterior thecae fertile, free
    Fruits
    Nutlets brown, fatly ellipsoid, 1.5–2 × 1.2–1.6 mm, mucilaginous on wetting
    Figures
    Fig 15, p 111
    Ecology
    Montane grassland, upland moor, forest edges and associated bushland; 1350–3700 m
    Conservation
    Least concern; widely distributed
    Note
    Seeds used in Ethiopia as linseed, see Seegeler, loc. cit. (1983).
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Malawi and Zambia (Nyika Plateau) to Zimbabwe Flora districts: U2 U3 K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T7

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    India

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Salvia nilotica Juss. ex Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ash [1658], Ethiopia 35595.000
    Bridson, D. [153], Rwanda 41716.000
    Bridson, D. [154], Rwanda 41718.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Hort. Bot. Vindob. 3: 48 (1777)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R.M., Harvey, Y.B., Iwarsson, M., Otieno, D., Balkwill, K., Phillipson, P.B., Harley, R.M. & Willis, F. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(8): 1-346. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R.M., Harvey, Y.B., Iwarsson, M., Otieno, D., Balkwill, K., Phillipson, P.B., Harley, R.M. & Willis, F. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(8): 1-346. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Eth. 5: 559 (2006).
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 288, t. 126 (1994)
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: 409, t. 627 (1987)
    • Fl. Rwanda 3: 346, fig. 112.1 (1985)
    • Seegeler, Oil Plants of Ethiopia: 243–248 (1983)
    • Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 33: 62, fig. 16 (1974)
    • A.V.P.: 160, 317 (1957)
    • W.F.K.: 108 (1948)
    • F.P.N.A. 2: 160 (1947)
    • F.T.A. 5: 458 (1900)
    • P.O.A. C: 344 (1895)
    • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 368 (1892), pro parte
    • DC., Prodr. 12: 350 (1848)
    • Benth., Lab. Gen. Sp.: 303 (1833)
    • Hort. Vindob. 3: 48, t.92 (1776)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0